Background: Injuries to the external branches of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) are difficult to identify during thyroidectomy. Monitoring the low amplitudes of the EBSLN during surgery has proven to be complicated. Therefore a new parameter, the area under the waveform (AUW), was designed to improve monitoring efficiency. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of using AUW to monitor the EBSLN during thyroidectomy. Methods: A total of 927 patients and 927 recurrent laryngeal nerves (RLN) and EBSLNs who underwent monitored unilateral thyroidectomy were included. Standardized intraoperative neuromonitoring procedures were followed. RLN injuries were confirmed using stroboscopic laryngoscopy after surgery. EBSLN injuries were identified by means of observing changes in cricothyroid muscle (CTM) twitches when stimulated. Amplitude and AUW changes were assessed using statistical analysis. The correlations between AUW and amplitude were verified using the ratio of the two parameters to determine any decreases that were observed in the number of nerve injury cases. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to estimate the prediction of nerve injury. Results: The overall injury rates of the RLN and EBSLN were 3.56% and 2.05%, respectively. The AUW for the RLN and EBSLN presented linear correlations with amplitude. In the RLN injury cases, no significant difference was observed between the two parameters (P>0.05). In the cases with EBSLN injuries, the AUW decreased 64.5%±14.1%, on average, which was a greater decrease compared to that observed for amplitude 49.7%±22.2% (P<0.0001). The summary of the EBSLN injury prediction included, amplitude vs. AUW, AUC: 0.918 vs. 0.994; P<0.0001, and Youden’s index: 31.54% vs. 49.58%. Conclusions: The AUW demonstrated consistency with the change in amplitude, and the observed changes were significant. The use of the AUW allowed successful predictions for both RLN and EBSLN nerve injuries. Also, the sensitivity of AUW was greater than amplitude for predicting EBSLN injuries.
The area under the waveform of electromyography for monitoring the external branches of the superior laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery / Y. Zhao, Z. Zhao, T. Wang, D. Zhang, G. Dionigi, H. Sun. - In: GLAND SURGERY. - ISSN 2227-684X. - 10:1(2021), pp. 143-153. [10.21037/gs-20-570]
|Titolo:||The area under the waveform of electromyography for monitoring the external branches of the superior laryngeal nerve during thyroid surgery|
|Parole Chiave:||external branch of superior laryngeal nerve; intraoperative neuromonitoring; morbidity; nerve injury; Thyroid surgery|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/18 - Chirurgia Generale|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/gs-20-570|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|