Patients with COVID-19 often complain of smell and taste disorders (STD). STD emerge early in the course of the disease, seem to be more common in SARS-CoV-2 infection than in other upper respiratory tract infections, and could in some cases persist for long after resolution of respiratory symptoms. Current evidence suggests that STD probably result from a loss of function of olfactory sensory neurons and taste buds, mainly caused by infection, inflammation, and subsequent dysfunction of supporting non-neuronal cells in the mucosa. However, the possible occurrence of other mechanisms leading to chemosensory dysfunction has also been hypothesized, and contrasting data have been reported regarding the direct infection of sensory neurons by SARS-CoV-2. In this mini-review, we summarize the currently available literature on pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and outcomes of STD in COVID-19 and discuss possible future directions of research on this topic.

Smell and taste disorders in COVID-19 : From pathogenesis to clinical features and outcomes / A. Mastrangelo, M. Bonato, P. Cinque. - In: NEUROSCIENCE LETTERS. - ISSN 0304-3940. - 748(2021), pp. 135694.1-135694.5. [10.1016/j.neulet.2021.135694]

Smell and taste disorders in COVID-19 : From pathogenesis to clinical features and outcomes

M. Bonato;
2021

Abstract

Patients with COVID-19 often complain of smell and taste disorders (STD). STD emerge early in the course of the disease, seem to be more common in SARS-CoV-2 infection than in other upper respiratory tract infections, and could in some cases persist for long after resolution of respiratory symptoms. Current evidence suggests that STD probably result from a loss of function of olfactory sensory neurons and taste buds, mainly caused by infection, inflammation, and subsequent dysfunction of supporting non-neuronal cells in the mucosa. However, the possible occurrence of other mechanisms leading to chemosensory dysfunction has also been hypothesized, and contrasting data have been reported regarding the direct infection of sensory neurons by SARS-CoV-2. In this mini-review, we summarize the currently available literature on pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, and outcomes of STD in COVID-19 and discuss possible future directions of research on this topic.
Ageusia; Anosmia; COVID-19; COVID-19; Humans; Mouth Mucosa; Olfaction Disorders; Olfactory Mucosa; Olfactory Receptor Neurons; SARS-CoV-2; Smell; Taste; Taste Buds; Taste Disorders
Settore M-EDF/02 - Metodi e Didattiche delle Attivita' Sportive
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/875626
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