In the attempt to understand the origin of autoantibody (AAb) production in patients with and at-risk for T1D, multiple studies have analyzed and reported alterations in follicular helper T cells (Tfh) in presymptomatic AAb-positive subjects and patients with T1D. Yet, it is still not clear whether the regulatory counterpart of Tfh cells, represented by follicular regulatory T cells (Tfr), is similarly altered. To address this question, we performed analyses in peripheral blood, spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes (PLN) of organ donor subjects with T1D. Blood analyses were also performed in living AAb-negative and -positive subjects. While negligible differences in the frequency and phenotype of blood Tfr cells were observed between T1D, AAb-negative and AAb-positive adult subjects, the frequency of Tfr cells was significantly reduced in spleen and PLN of T1D as compared to non-diabetic controls. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of Tfr cells delayed disease development in a mouse model of T1D, a finding that could indicate that Tfr cells play an important role in peripheral tolerance and regulation of autoreactive Tfh cells. Together, our findings provide evidence of Tfr cell alterations within disease-relevant tissues in patients with T1D suggesting a role for Tfr cells in defective humoral tolerance and disease pathogenesis. Summary By analyzing rare spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes samples from T1D donors, we found follicular regulatory T cells to be significantly reduced in frequency and number suggesting they contribute to the development of islet-specific autoantibodies and the loss of immune tolerance in Type 1 diabetes.

Reduced Follicular Regulatory T Cells in Spleen and Pancreatic Lymph Nodes of Patients With Type 1 Diabetes / A. Vecchione, T. Jofra, J. Gerosa, K. Shankwitz, R. Di Fonte, G. Galvani, E. Ippolito, M.P. Cicalese, A.R. Schultz, H.R. Seay, M. Favellato, G. Milardi, A. Stabilini, F. Ragogna, P. Grogan, E. Bianconi, A. Laurenzi, A. Caretto, R. Nano, R. Melzi, N. Danzl, E. Bosi, L. Piemonti, A. Aiuti, T. Brusko, C. Petrovas, M. Battaglia, G. Fousteri. - In: DIABETES. - ISSN 0012-1797. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.2337/db21-0091]

Reduced Follicular Regulatory T Cells in Spleen and Pancreatic Lymph Nodes of Patients With Type 1 Diabetes

E. Ippolito;E. Bosi;L. Piemonti;
2021

Abstract

In the attempt to understand the origin of autoantibody (AAb) production in patients with and at-risk for T1D, multiple studies have analyzed and reported alterations in follicular helper T cells (Tfh) in presymptomatic AAb-positive subjects and patients with T1D. Yet, it is still not clear whether the regulatory counterpart of Tfh cells, represented by follicular regulatory T cells (Tfr), is similarly altered. To address this question, we performed analyses in peripheral blood, spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes (PLN) of organ donor subjects with T1D. Blood analyses were also performed in living AAb-negative and -positive subjects. While negligible differences in the frequency and phenotype of blood Tfr cells were observed between T1D, AAb-negative and AAb-positive adult subjects, the frequency of Tfr cells was significantly reduced in spleen and PLN of T1D as compared to non-diabetic controls. Furthermore, adoptive transfer of Tfr cells delayed disease development in a mouse model of T1D, a finding that could indicate that Tfr cells play an important role in peripheral tolerance and regulation of autoreactive Tfh cells. Together, our findings provide evidence of Tfr cell alterations within disease-relevant tissues in patients with T1D suggesting a role for Tfr cells in defective humoral tolerance and disease pathogenesis. Summary By analyzing rare spleen and pancreatic lymph nodes samples from T1D donors, we found follicular regulatory T cells to be significantly reduced in frequency and number suggesting they contribute to the development of islet-specific autoantibodies and the loss of immune tolerance in Type 1 diabetes.
type 1 diabetes; follicular helper T cells; follicular regulatory T cells; spleen; pancreatic lymph nodes; immune tolerance;
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
ott-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/875471
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