Through a new reading of a passage from Euripides’ Electra (v. 774‑858), this article discusses the definition of Nymphs as “nature deities”, often used by modern scholarship. In the Electra Aegisthus offers a sacrifice to the Nymphs in the countryside of Argos. The analysis of the rite shows that, contrary to what is usually stated, the Nymphs not only preside over the natural world, but also have precise “territorial” competences that concern the political space. The author suggests that, far from being opposed to the city, the Nymphs, from the margins, play the role of guardians who grant access to the political space.

Les Nymphes et l’enjeu du territoire. Une lecture d’Euripide, Électre 774‑858 / D. Fabiano. - In: REVUE DE L'HISTOIRE DES RELIGIONS. - ISSN 0035-1423. - 2021/3:238(2021), pp. 461-499. [10.4000/rhr.11270]

Les Nymphes et l’enjeu du territoire. Une lecture d’Euripide, Électre 774‑858

D. Fabiano
2021

Abstract

Through a new reading of a passage from Euripides’ Electra (v. 774‑858), this article discusses the definition of Nymphs as “nature deities”, often used by modern scholarship. In the Electra Aegisthus offers a sacrifice to the Nymphs in the countryside of Argos. The analysis of the rite shows that, contrary to what is usually stated, the Nymphs not only preside over the natural world, but also have precise “territorial” competences that concern the political space. The author suggests that, far from being opposed to the city, the Nymphs, from the margins, play the role of guardians who grant access to the political space.
À travers l’analyse d’un passage de l’Électre d’Euripide (v. 774‑858), l’article se propose de revenir sur l’étiquette de « divinités de la nature » qui est souvent attribuée aux Nymphes par les savants modernes. Chez Euripide, les déesses sont destinataires d’un sacrifice organisé par Égisthe dans la campagne d’Argos. Le rite décrit dans l’Électre montre que, contrairement à l’opinion reçue, les Nymphes ne président pas seulement à l’épanouissement du monde naturel, mais ont des compétences « territoriales » précises qui concernent l’espace politique. Nous suggérons que, loin d’être opposées à la cité, les Nymphes jouent depuis les marges le rôle de puissances gardiennes de l’accès à l’espace politique.
nymphs; Greek religion; Euripides; nature; territory
Settore M-STO/06 - Storia delle Religioni
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/874432
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