Background. The main challenge for treating primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is to understand if it is caused by a single adenoma (80–85% of the cases) or by a multiglandular disease (15–20%), both preoperatively and intraoperatively. For this reason, some preoperative scores were proposed in the literature, to perform focused parathyroidectomy, avoiding intraoperative parathormone assay (ioPTH). The most known are the CaPTHUS test and the Wisconsin index. We applied them to our experience. Methods. A retrospective cohort study on 462 patients referred for parathyroidectomy to Thyroid and Parathyroid Unit at Santi Paolo e Carlo Hospital, Milan, Italy, from 2011 to 2021. Only patients affected with benign PHPT and neck ultrasound performed at our institution were included. Both patients for whom preoperative imaging agreed with the localization of a single diseased parathyroid and those with only ultrasound or scintigraphy positive for parathyroid localization underwent Mini-Invasive Video-assisted parathyroidectomy. In all cases, ioPTH assay was performed. The conversion to bilateral neck exploration was decided based on the drop in ioPTH. CaPTHUS score and the Wisconsin index (Win) were applied to the series. CaPTHUS score ≥3 and Win index >1600, according to the original studies of the literature, were considered at high probability of monoglandular disease. Outcomes in these two groups were examined. Results. 236 patients were eligible for the study. The pathology resulted in multiglandular disease in 24 patients (10.2%). Among these, 18 (75.0%) obtained a CaPTHUS score ≥3, and 20 (83.3%) had a Win index>1600. Intraoperative PTH allowed to identify multiglandular disease in 16 of 18 cases with CaPTHUS ≥3 and in 18 of 20 cases with win >1600, who could have been lost, based only on the results of these 2 tests. Conclusion. Based on our experience, CaPTHUS test and Wisconsin index were not so useful in predicting multiglandular disease as ioPTH.

Evaluation of Wisconsin and CaPTHUS indices usefulness for predicting monoglandular and multiglandular disease in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism through the analysis of a single-center experience / L. De Pasquale, E. Lori, A.M. Bulfamante, G. Felisati, L. Castellani, A.M. Saibene. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY. - ISSN 1687-8337. - 2021(2021 Oct), pp. 2040284.1-2040284.8. [10.1155/2021/2040284]

Evaluation of Wisconsin and CaPTHUS indices usefulness for predicting monoglandular and multiglandular disease in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism through the analysis of a single-center experience

A.M. Bulfamante;G. Felisati;L. Castellani;A.M. Saibene
Ultimo
2021-10

Abstract

Background. The main challenge for treating primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is to understand if it is caused by a single adenoma (80–85% of the cases) or by a multiglandular disease (15–20%), both preoperatively and intraoperatively. For this reason, some preoperative scores were proposed in the literature, to perform focused parathyroidectomy, avoiding intraoperative parathormone assay (ioPTH). The most known are the CaPTHUS test and the Wisconsin index. We applied them to our experience. Methods. A retrospective cohort study on 462 patients referred for parathyroidectomy to Thyroid and Parathyroid Unit at Santi Paolo e Carlo Hospital, Milan, Italy, from 2011 to 2021. Only patients affected with benign PHPT and neck ultrasound performed at our institution were included. Both patients for whom preoperative imaging agreed with the localization of a single diseased parathyroid and those with only ultrasound or scintigraphy positive for parathyroid localization underwent Mini-Invasive Video-assisted parathyroidectomy. In all cases, ioPTH assay was performed. The conversion to bilateral neck exploration was decided based on the drop in ioPTH. CaPTHUS score and the Wisconsin index (Win) were applied to the series. CaPTHUS score ≥3 and Win index >1600, according to the original studies of the literature, were considered at high probability of monoglandular disease. Outcomes in these two groups were examined. Results. 236 patients were eligible for the study. The pathology resulted in multiglandular disease in 24 patients (10.2%). Among these, 18 (75.0%) obtained a CaPTHUS score ≥3, and 20 (83.3%) had a Win index>1600. Intraoperative PTH allowed to identify multiglandular disease in 16 of 18 cases with CaPTHUS ≥3 and in 18 of 20 cases with win >1600, who could have been lost, based only on the results of these 2 tests. Conclusion. Based on our experience, CaPTHUS test and Wisconsin index were not so useful in predicting multiglandular disease as ioPTH.
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Settore MED/31 - Otorinolaringoiatria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/874339
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