Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a com- prehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results demonstrate widespread moderate improvements in overall anemia prevalence but identify only three LMICs with a high probability of achieving the WHO GNT by 2030 at a national scale, and no LMIC is expected to achieve the target in all their subnational administrative units. Our maps show where large within-country disparities occur, as well as areas likely to fall short of the WHO GNT, offer- ing precision public health tools so that adequate resource allocation and subsequent interventions can be targeted to the most vulnerable populations

Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018 / D. Kinyoki, A.E. Osgood-Zimmerman, N.V. Bhattacharjee, C. La Vecchia, N.J. Kassebaum, S.I. Hay. - In: NATURE MEDICINE. - ISSN 1546-170X. - 2021:10(2021 Oct 12), pp. 1761-1782. [10.1038/s41591-021-01498-0]

Anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age in low- and middle-income countries between 2000 and 2018

C. La Vecchia;
2021

Abstract

Anemia is a globally widespread condition in women and is associated with reduced economic productivity and increased mortality worldwide. Here we map annual 2000–2018 geospatial estimates of anemia prevalence in women of reproductive age (15–49 years) across 82 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), stratify anemia by severity and aggregate results to policy-relevant administrative and national levels. Additionally, we provide subnational disparity analyses to provide a com- prehensive overview of anemia prevalence inequalities within these countries and predict progress toward the World Health Organization’s Global Nutrition Target (WHO GNT) to reduce anemia by half by 2030. Our results demonstrate widespread moderate improvements in overall anemia prevalence but identify only three LMICs with a high probability of achieving the WHO GNT by 2030 at a national scale, and no LMIC is expected to achieve the target in all their subnational administrative units. Our maps show where large within-country disparities occur, as well as areas likely to fall short of the WHO GNT, offer- ing precision public health tools so that adequate resource allocation and subsequent interventions can be targeted to the most vulnerable populations
Anemia; women; reproductive age; low- and middle-income countries;
Settore MED/01 - Statistica Medica
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Anemia GBD-2_Kinyoki_Nature Medicine.zip

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 17.33 MB
Formato Zip File
17.33 MB Zip File   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
GBD Anemia with pages_compressed.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 2.69 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
2.69 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/874183
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 6
  • Scopus 15
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 12
social impact