Understanding the mechanisms involved in the building up of organic matter pools with long residence time in soils is fundamental for the comprehension of carbon dynamics. As organic matter persistence depends on environmental conditions and soil properties, both pedogenic processes and factors should be key elements in identifying the link between organic pools and stabilization mechanisms. In the Ligurian Alps, an area where pedodiversity is large, we evaluated the importance of two soil formation factors, vegetation and parent material, and consequently pedogenic processes and soil features, on organic matter stabilization in forest soils. We thus selected 20 profiles, developed on different parent materials and forest stands, which ranged from Regosols, to Cambisols, to Chernozems/Kastanozems, to Podzols and Luvisols/Alisols. In the mineral horizons,we determined the soil physico-chemical properties and fractionated organic matter into labile and stabilized (recalcitrant and mineral-bound) pools using NaClO followed by HF treatment. Soil and organic matter characteristics were primarily explained by the parent material and soil type, while vegetation affected organic matter quality but not the total amounts. The labile and recalcitrant organic pool proportions were linked to parent material likely through its effect on pH and other microenvironment characteristics. The mineral-associated organic matter instead followed a pedogenic pathway, with higher percentages of stable organic carbon in illuvial B horizons from Podzols and Luvisols/Alisols. In the study area, therefore, the most developed soils were relatively more resilient for organic matter conservation than less developed soils, which are more prone to C losses.

Effect of pedogenic processes and formation factors on organic matter stabilization in alpine forest soils / M. Catoni, M. D'Amico, E. Zanini, E. Bonifacio. - In: GEODERMA. - ISSN 0016-7061. - 263(2016 Feb 01), pp. 151-160. [10.1016/j.geoderma.2015.09.005]

Effect of pedogenic processes and formation factors on organic matter stabilization in alpine forest soils

M. D'Amico
Secondo
;
E. Zanini;
2016

Abstract

Understanding the mechanisms involved in the building up of organic matter pools with long residence time in soils is fundamental for the comprehension of carbon dynamics. As organic matter persistence depends on environmental conditions and soil properties, both pedogenic processes and factors should be key elements in identifying the link between organic pools and stabilization mechanisms. In the Ligurian Alps, an area where pedodiversity is large, we evaluated the importance of two soil formation factors, vegetation and parent material, and consequently pedogenic processes and soil features, on organic matter stabilization in forest soils. We thus selected 20 profiles, developed on different parent materials and forest stands, which ranged from Regosols, to Cambisols, to Chernozems/Kastanozems, to Podzols and Luvisols/Alisols. In the mineral horizons,we determined the soil physico-chemical properties and fractionated organic matter into labile and stabilized (recalcitrant and mineral-bound) pools using NaClO followed by HF treatment. Soil and organic matter characteristics were primarily explained by the parent material and soil type, while vegetation affected organic matter quality but not the total amounts. The labile and recalcitrant organic pool proportions were linked to parent material likely through its effect on pH and other microenvironment characteristics. The mineral-associated organic matter instead followed a pedogenic pathway, with higher percentages of stable organic carbon in illuvial B horizons from Podzols and Luvisols/Alisols. In the study area, therefore, the most developed soils were relatively more resilient for organic matter conservation than less developed soils, which are more prone to C losses.
C sequestration; Hydrofluoric acid; Mineral horizons; Organic matter fractionation; Sodium hypochlorite; Soil Science
Settore AGR/14 - Pedologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/873461
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