Ingestion of toxic substances is a common event in companion animals and livestock, especially in waterfowl. Oleander (Nerium oleander) toxicosis is rarely reported in avian species, with symptoms including cardiac, neurological and gastrointestinal manifestations. A 6-month-old domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) was presented for depression, anorexia, permanent sternal recumbency, weakness and incoordination, and the owners witnessed the ingestion of oleander leaves. Despite the absence of evident cardiac symptoms, biochemical hematological findings showed significant increase of CPK, AST, LDH, and troponin I. Therapy was set with intravenous (IV) fluid administration, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory, oral activated charcoal, and IV lipid emulsion at 15 mL/kg/h. Clinical improvement was achieved after 2 hours. The patient was discharged 3 days after admission, with complete recovery and return to normal biochemical values 10 days after initial presentation. The present work describes a suspected case of spontaneous oleander poisoning in a domestic goose, with the first use of troponin I to diagnose cardiac injury in this species, and the first report of IV lipid emulsion to successfully treat this kind of toxicosis in veterinary practice.

Use of intralipid emulsion therapy to treat suspected oleander toxicosis in a domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) / E. Lubian, R. Capitelli, S. Nappi, R. Semenza Esposito, R. Paolo Russo, G. Lodi, G. Ravasio, E. Bardi. - In: JOURNAL OF EXOTIC PET MEDICINE. - ISSN 1557-5063. - 39(2021 Sep 15), pp. 78-80. [10.1053/j.jepm.2021.08.018]

Use of intralipid emulsion therapy to treat suspected oleander toxicosis in a domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus)

G. Ravasio
Penultimo
;
E. Bardi
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Ingestion of toxic substances is a common event in companion animals and livestock, especially in waterfowl. Oleander (Nerium oleander) toxicosis is rarely reported in avian species, with symptoms including cardiac, neurological and gastrointestinal manifestations. A 6-month-old domestic goose (Anser anser domesticus) was presented for depression, anorexia, permanent sternal recumbency, weakness and incoordination, and the owners witnessed the ingestion of oleander leaves. Despite the absence of evident cardiac symptoms, biochemical hematological findings showed significant increase of CPK, AST, LDH, and troponin I. Therapy was set with intravenous (IV) fluid administration, antibiotic and anti-inflammatory, oral activated charcoal, and IV lipid emulsion at 15 mL/kg/h. Clinical improvement was achieved after 2 hours. The patient was discharged 3 days after admission, with complete recovery and return to normal biochemical values 10 days after initial presentation. The present work describes a suspected case of spontaneous oleander poisoning in a domestic goose, with the first use of troponin I to diagnose cardiac injury in this species, and the first report of IV lipid emulsion to successfully treat this kind of toxicosis in veterinary practice.
Anser anser; goose; intralipid; oleander; toxicosis;
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
Settore VET/07 - Farmacologia e Tossicologia Veterinaria
Article (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Lubian 2021 - oca oleandro.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Publisher's version/PDF
Dimensione 337.04 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
337.04 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/868581
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact