Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) is generally proposed to all patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer to reduce the risk of recurrence and death. Adherence to therapy is crucial. However, non-adherence to AET is common, with estimates of up to 50% of patients not successfully completing a five-year course of treatment, and it is significantly associated with lower survival rates and a higher risk of recurrence. Currently, no gold standard is available to assess adherence. Several studies, most of them retrospective in nature, have used both direct and indirect methods to monitor the adherence to therapy in breast cancer. The indirect method is more widely used, and it is based on pharmacy prescription refills and patient administered questionnaires. On the other hand, direct methods such as a measurement of the level of the drug or its metabolites in blood or urine are much more precise, but more expensive and not routinely implemented. In this review, we analyzed the results of the major studies focused on the adherence to tamoxifen in breast cancer patients. We identified several factors associated with poor adherence, such as the side effects of therapy, the lack of shared decision-making between the physician and patient, the context in which the discussion takes place, and whether the patients are enrolled in a clinical trial. Moreover, we discussed possible methods to improve adherence to adjuvant therapy in breast cancer.

Assessing predictors of tamoxifen nonadherence in patients with early breast cancer / E. Montagna, P. Zagami, M.A. Masiero, K. Mazzocco, G. Pravettoni, E. Munzone. - In: PATIENT PREFERENCE AND ADHERENCE. - ISSN 1177-889X. - 15(2021 Sep 15), pp. 2051-2061. [10.2147/PPA.S285768]

Assessing predictors of tamoxifen nonadherence in patients with early breast cancer

M.A. Masiero;K. Mazzocco;G. Pravettoni;
2021

Abstract

Adjuvant endocrine therapy (AET) is generally proposed to all patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer to reduce the risk of recurrence and death. Adherence to therapy is crucial. However, non-adherence to AET is common, with estimates of up to 50% of patients not successfully completing a five-year course of treatment, and it is significantly associated with lower survival rates and a higher risk of recurrence. Currently, no gold standard is available to assess adherence. Several studies, most of them retrospective in nature, have used both direct and indirect methods to monitor the adherence to therapy in breast cancer. The indirect method is more widely used, and it is based on pharmacy prescription refills and patient administered questionnaires. On the other hand, direct methods such as a measurement of the level of the drug or its metabolites in blood or urine are much more precise, but more expensive and not routinely implemented. In this review, we analyzed the results of the major studies focused on the adherence to tamoxifen in breast cancer patients. We identified several factors associated with poor adherence, such as the side effects of therapy, the lack of shared decision-making between the physician and patient, the context in which the discussion takes place, and whether the patients are enrolled in a clinical trial. Moreover, we discussed possible methods to improve adherence to adjuvant therapy in breast cancer.
adherence; adjuvant endocrine therapy; tamoxifen; breast cancer
Settore M-PSI/01 - Psicologia Generale
Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/868258
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