This paper examines the Popular Fronts policy adopted by the Communist Party of Italy (PCd'I) in the mid-1930s. During the Seventh Congress of the Communist International, a political vision emerged and took shape in the PCd'I's foreign centre, to deal zith typical aspects of Italian fascism that zere deeply rooted in the country and thus strongly influenced the international political debate. From that moment on, the development of the PCd'I's political thinking focused on identifying partial political goals aimed at activating the zorking masses. The appeal to the «brothers in black shirts», made in the summer of 1936, fits into this strategy. The investigation and the historical evaluation of the origin andthe political meaning of this appeal zere mainly focused on its political ambiguity, zhich resulted from a choice on zhich the top leaders of the Communist International and Togliatti himself zould not have agreed. Hozever, the available sources alloz us to retrace the different phases that led to crafting the appeal. In this zay, one may see that it resulted from a decision made among the leaders of the Communist International (IC). As a matter of fact, the leaders started discussing it at least as early as February 1936, in the context of the broader long-term analysis of fascism and in connection zith the political planning that the PCd'I zas to apply to Italy.

Per la salvezza dell’Italia : I comunisti italiani, il problema del fronte popolare e l’appello ai “fratelli in camicia nera” / P. D'Alessandro. - In: STUDI STORICI. - ISSN 0039-3037. - 54:4(2013 Dec), pp. 951-987.

Per la salvezza dell’Italia : I comunisti italiani, il problema del fronte popolare e l’appello ai “fratelli in camicia nera”

P. D'Alessandro
2013-12

Abstract

This paper examines the Popular Fronts policy adopted by the Communist Party of Italy (PCd'I) in the mid-1930s. During the Seventh Congress of the Communist International, a political vision emerged and took shape in the PCd'I's foreign centre, to deal zith typical aspects of Italian fascism that zere deeply rooted in the country and thus strongly influenced the international political debate. From that moment on, the development of the PCd'I's political thinking focused on identifying partial political goals aimed at activating the zorking masses. The appeal to the «brothers in black shirts», made in the summer of 1936, fits into this strategy. The investigation and the historical evaluation of the origin andthe political meaning of this appeal zere mainly focused on its political ambiguity, zhich resulted from a choice on zhich the top leaders of the Communist International and Togliatti himself zould not have agreed. Hozever, the available sources alloz us to retrace the different phases that led to crafting the appeal. In this zay, one may see that it resulted from a decision made among the leaders of the Communist International (IC). As a matter of fact, the leaders started discussing it at least as early as February 1936, in the context of the broader long-term analysis of fascism and in connection zith the political planning that the PCd'I zas to apply to Italy.
Settore SPS/03 - Storia delle Istituzioni Politiche
Settore M-STO/04 - Storia Contemporanea
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/867698
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