Plants and fruits as well as related foods and beverages, such as tea, wine, and fruit juices, include a variety of polyphenols, which are the object of a wide, interdisciplinary pool of studies, on account of their many beneficial effects on human health. Voltammetry is particularly appropriate for their study, providing a classification in terms of redox properties, strictly connected to their antioxidant effects. [1,2] A very nice case study is provided by the catechin and epicatechin flavanol systematic series, of already thoroughly discussed general reactivity on GC electrode [3], realizing that they are chiral polyphenols, including two stereocentres, and thus resulting in two enantiomer couples in reciprocal diastereomeric relationship, i.e. (+)-catechin More common enantiomer in nature, (2-(R), 3-(S)) (-)- epicatechin More common enantiomer in nature, (2-(R), 3-(R)) (-)-catechin (2-(S), 3-(R) (+)- epicatechin (2-(S), 3-(S) While diastereoisomers of chiral probes have different physicochemical properties and thus different voltammetry patterns on achiral electrodes (although such difference can be even too little to enable differentiation), enantiomer discrimination strictly requires implementation of an enantiopure chiral selector at the electrochemical interphase, either on the electrode surface or in the medium. In this context, the series provides a very nice model to comparatively test both (i) various achiral electrodes concerning the difference in CV patterns of diastereoisomers (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin at different pHs, and (ii) various chiral selectors, concerning their enantiodiscrimination ability in the catechin or epicatechin case. A selection of results will be presented and discussed. [1] P.A. Kilmartin, Electrochemistry applied to the analysis of wine: a mini-review, Electrochem. Comm. 67 (2016), 39-42. [2] J. Hoyos-Arbeláez, M. Vázquez, J. Contreras-Calderón, Electrochemical methods as a tool for determining the antioxidant capacity of food and beverages: A review, Food Chemistry 221 (2017) 1371–1381. [3] P. Janeiro, A. M. Oliveira Brett, P. Janeiro, A.M. Oliveira Brett, Catechin electrochemical oxidation mechanisms, Anal. Chimica Acta 518 (2004) 109–115.

Electroanalysis of chiral polyphenols catechin and epicatechin: diastereoisomer features on different electrode materials and strategies for enantiomer discrimination / P.R. Mussini, S. Grecchi, L. Falciola, V. Pifferi, N. Centanni, G. Tomboni, L. Santagostini. ((Intervento presentato al 72. convegno Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry 29 August-3 September 2021 (in hybrid mode) tenutosi a South Korea (e online) nel 2021.

Electroanalysis of chiral polyphenols catechin and epicatechin: diastereoisomer features on different electrode materials and strategies for enantiomer discrimination

Patrizia Romana Mussini;Sara Grecchi;Luigi Falciola;Valentina Pifferi;Laura Santagostini
2021

Abstract

Plants and fruits as well as related foods and beverages, such as tea, wine, and fruit juices, include a variety of polyphenols, which are the object of a wide, interdisciplinary pool of studies, on account of their many beneficial effects on human health. Voltammetry is particularly appropriate for their study, providing a classification in terms of redox properties, strictly connected to their antioxidant effects. [1,2] A very nice case study is provided by the catechin and epicatechin flavanol systematic series, of already thoroughly discussed general reactivity on GC electrode [3], realizing that they are chiral polyphenols, including two stereocentres, and thus resulting in two enantiomer couples in reciprocal diastereomeric relationship, i.e. (+)-catechin More common enantiomer in nature, (2-(R), 3-(S)) (-)- epicatechin More common enantiomer in nature, (2-(R), 3-(R)) (-)-catechin (2-(S), 3-(R) (+)- epicatechin (2-(S), 3-(S) While diastereoisomers of chiral probes have different physicochemical properties and thus different voltammetry patterns on achiral electrodes (although such difference can be even too little to enable differentiation), enantiomer discrimination strictly requires implementation of an enantiopure chiral selector at the electrochemical interphase, either on the electrode surface or in the medium. In this context, the series provides a very nice model to comparatively test both (i) various achiral electrodes concerning the difference in CV patterns of diastereoisomers (+)-catechin and (-)-epicatechin at different pHs, and (ii) various chiral selectors, concerning their enantiodiscrimination ability in the catechin or epicatechin case. A selection of results will be presented and discussed. [1] P.A. Kilmartin, Electrochemistry applied to the analysis of wine: a mini-review, Electrochem. Comm. 67 (2016), 39-42. [2] J. Hoyos-Arbeláez, M. Vázquez, J. Contreras-Calderón, Electrochemical methods as a tool for determining the antioxidant capacity of food and beverages: A review, Food Chemistry 221 (2017) 1371–1381. [3] P. Janeiro, A. M. Oliveira Brett, P. Janeiro, A.M. Oliveira Brett, Catechin electrochemical oxidation mechanisms, Anal. Chimica Acta 518 (2004) 109–115.
Settore CHIM/01 - Chimica Analitica
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore CHIM/06 - Chimica Organica
Electroanalysis of chiral polyphenols catechin and epicatechin: diastereoisomer features on different electrode materials and strategies for enantiomer discrimination / P.R. Mussini, S. Grecchi, L. Falciola, V. Pifferi, N. Centanni, G. Tomboni, L. Santagostini. ((Intervento presentato al 72. convegno Meeting of the International Society of Electrochemistry 29 August-3 September 2021 (in hybrid mode) tenutosi a South Korea (e online) nel 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/867545
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