Citral is a linear monoterpene which is present, as a volatile component, in the essential oil of several different aromatic plants. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of citral to alter the mitotic microtubules of plant cells, especially at low concentrations. The changes to the microtubules may be due to the compound acting directly on the treated root and coleoptile cells or to indirect action through certain phytohormones. This study, performed in Arabidopsis thaliana, analysed the short-term effects of citral on the auxin content and mitotic cells, and the long-term effects of these alterations on root development and ethylene levels. The results of this study show that citral alters auxin content and cell division and has a strong long-term disorganising effect on cell ultra-structure in A. thaliana seedlings. Its effects on cell division, the thickening of the cell wall, the reduction in intercellular communication, and the absence of root hairs confirm that citral is a strong phytotoxic compound, which has persistent effects on root development.

Citral Induces Auxin and Ethylene-Mediated Malformations and Arrests Cell Division in Arabidopsis thaliana Roots / E. Grana, T. Sotelo, C. Diaz-Tielas, F. Araniti, U. Krasuska, R. Bogatek, M.J. Reigosa, A.M. Sanchez-Moreiras. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL ECOLOGY. - ISSN 0098-0331. - 39:2(2013), pp. 271-282. [10.1007/s10886-013-0250-y]

Citral Induces Auxin and Ethylene-Mediated Malformations and Arrests Cell Division in Arabidopsis thaliana Roots

F. Araniti;
2013

Abstract

Citral is a linear monoterpene which is present, as a volatile component, in the essential oil of several different aromatic plants. Previous studies have demonstrated the ability of citral to alter the mitotic microtubules of plant cells, especially at low concentrations. The changes to the microtubules may be due to the compound acting directly on the treated root and coleoptile cells or to indirect action through certain phytohormones. This study, performed in Arabidopsis thaliana, analysed the short-term effects of citral on the auxin content and mitotic cells, and the long-term effects of these alterations on root development and ethylene levels. The results of this study show that citral alters auxin content and cell division and has a strong long-term disorganising effect on cell ultra-structure in A. thaliana seedlings. Its effects on cell division, the thickening of the cell wall, the reduction in intercellular communication, and the absence of root hairs confirm that citral is a strong phytotoxic compound, which has persistent effects on root development.
Long-term effects; Mitotic index; Mode of action; Pectin content; Phytotoxicity; Terpenoid
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/865275
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