Artemisia arborescens L. is a perennial fast-growing Mediterranean shrub, which releases abundant leaf litter upon soil surface throughout the year. The paper aimed to both evaluate the phytotoxic potential and identify major compounds occurring in the plant leaf litter. Following methanolic maceration of the leaf litter, the crude extract was then sequentially extracted with hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate through a bio-guided fractionation method. The phytotoxic potential of the methanolic extract and its solvent fractions was assessed in vitro on germination and root growth of two sensitive (Lactuca sativa L., Raphanus sativus L.) and native (Amaranthus retroflexus L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) species. Moreover, the most active fractions were chemically characterized by GC–MS and HPTLC analysis. In all species, the physiological processes were highly inhibited by both the methanolic extract and its solvent fractions. Several classes of biologically active phytochemicals such as terpenoids, fatty acids, lignans and phenolic compounds were identified in all fractions. Artemisia arborescens leaf litter could be considered an important source of biologically active phytochemicals, which may have a significant allelopathic impact towards neighbouring species once released into the environment.

Artemisia arborescens L. leaf litter : phytotoxic activity and phytochemical characterization / F. Araniti, T. Gulli, M. Marrelli, G. Statti, A. Gelsomino, M.R. Abenavoli. - In: ACTA PHYSIOLOGIAE PLANTARUM. - ISSN 0137-5881. - 38:5(2016), pp. 128.1-128.12. [10.1007/s11738-016-2141-7]

Artemisia arborescens L. leaf litter : phytotoxic activity and phytochemical characterization

F. Araniti;
2016

Abstract

Artemisia arborescens L. is a perennial fast-growing Mediterranean shrub, which releases abundant leaf litter upon soil surface throughout the year. The paper aimed to both evaluate the phytotoxic potential and identify major compounds occurring in the plant leaf litter. Following methanolic maceration of the leaf litter, the crude extract was then sequentially extracted with hexane, chloroform and ethyl acetate through a bio-guided fractionation method. The phytotoxic potential of the methanolic extract and its solvent fractions was assessed in vitro on germination and root growth of two sensitive (Lactuca sativa L., Raphanus sativus L.) and native (Amaranthus retroflexus L., Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.) species. Moreover, the most active fractions were chemically characterized by GC–MS and HPTLC analysis. In all species, the physiological processes were highly inhibited by both the methanolic extract and its solvent fractions. Several classes of biologically active phytochemicals such as terpenoids, fatty acids, lignans and phenolic compounds were identified in all fractions. Artemisia arborescens leaf litter could be considered an important source of biologically active phytochemicals, which may have a significant allelopathic impact towards neighbouring species once released into the environment.
Artemisia spp; Flavonoids; Leaf litter; Phenols; Root growth; Seed germination
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/865228
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