Urochloa ruziziensis, a cover plant used in no-till systems, can suppress weeds in the field through their chemical compounds, but the mode of action of these compounds is still unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a saponin-rich butanolic extract from U. ruziziensis straw (BfUr) and one of its components, protodioscin on an eudicot Ipomoea grandifolia and a monocot Digitaria insularis weed. The anatomy and the morphology of the root systems and several parameters related to energy metabolism and antioxidant defense systems were examined. The IC50 values for the root growth inhibition by BfUr were 108 μg mL−1 in D. insularis and 230 μg mL−1 in I. grandifolia. The corresponding values for protodioscin were 34 μg mL−1 and 54 μg mL−1. I. grandifolia exhibited higher ROS-induced peroxidative damage in its roots compared with D. insularis. In the roots of both weeds, the BfUr and protodioscin induced a reduction in the meristematic and elongation zones with a precocious appearance of lateral roots, particularly in I. grandifolia. The roots also exhibited features of advanced cell differentiation in the vascular cylinder. These alterations were similar to stress-induced morphogenic responses (SIMRs), which are plant adaptive strategies to survive in the presence of toxicants. At concentrations above their IC50 values, the BfUr or protodioscin strongly inhibited the development of both weeds. Such findings demonstrated that U. ruziziensis mulches may contribute to the use of natural and renewable weed control tools.

Morphogenic responses and biochemical alterations induced by the cover crop Urochloa ruziziensis and its component protodioscin in weed species / P.V.M. da Costa Menezes, A.A. Silva, M.S. Mito, G.C. Mantovanelli, G.F. Stulp, A.L. Wagner, R.P. Constantin, D.C. Baldoqui, R.G. Silva, A.A. Oliveira do Carmo, L.A. de Souza, R.S. de Oliveira Junior, F. Araniti, M.R. Abenavoli, E.L. Ishii-Iwamoto. - In: PLANT PHYSIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0981-9428. - 166(2021), pp. 857-873. [10.1016/j.plaphy.2021.06.040]

Morphogenic responses and biochemical alterations induced by the cover crop Urochloa ruziziensis and its component protodioscin in weed species

F. Araniti;
2021

Abstract

Urochloa ruziziensis, a cover plant used in no-till systems, can suppress weeds in the field through their chemical compounds, but the mode of action of these compounds is still unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of a saponin-rich butanolic extract from U. ruziziensis straw (BfUr) and one of its components, protodioscin on an eudicot Ipomoea grandifolia and a monocot Digitaria insularis weed. The anatomy and the morphology of the root systems and several parameters related to energy metabolism and antioxidant defense systems were examined. The IC50 values for the root growth inhibition by BfUr were 108 μg mL−1 in D. insularis and 230 μg mL−1 in I. grandifolia. The corresponding values for protodioscin were 34 μg mL−1 and 54 μg mL−1. I. grandifolia exhibited higher ROS-induced peroxidative damage in its roots compared with D. insularis. In the roots of both weeds, the BfUr and protodioscin induced a reduction in the meristematic and elongation zones with a precocious appearance of lateral roots, particularly in I. grandifolia. The roots also exhibited features of advanced cell differentiation in the vascular cylinder. These alterations were similar to stress-induced morphogenic responses (SIMRs), which are plant adaptive strategies to survive in the presence of toxicants. At concentrations above their IC50 values, the BfUr or protodioscin strongly inhibited the development of both weeds. Such findings demonstrated that U. ruziziensis mulches may contribute to the use of natural and renewable weed control tools.
Antioxidant defense system; Germination; Plant development; Respiration; Saponin
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/865176
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