To elucidate the effect of the architecture of supported bimetallic nanocatalysts, we developed a new lattice kinetic Monte Carlo based on the classifying and counting adsorption sites with respect to their generalized coordination number. We employed this tool to estimate the activity of MgO-supported PtNi nanoalloys for oxygen reduction. We demonstrated that the presence of Ni atoms in contact with the substrate massively enhances their activity with at least a 7-order of magnitude increase in the turnover of water production with respect to the case where only Pt lay at the interface. We further discussed how the nanoalloy shape affects the activity showing that truncated octahedra are 102 more active than cuboctahedra of similar size. We explained our results in terms of their distinct distribution and occurrence of the most active sites for oxygen reduction leading to the stabilization of different chemical species during the reaction dynamics. Our results suggest that engineering multifaceted and long edge PtNi-nanoalloys with a certain chemical ordering at the support interface would improve their catalytic performance for the oxygen reduction reaction.

A kinetic Monte Carlo-blueprint for oxygen reduction on oxide-supported PtNi nanoalloys / D. Schmidt, G.G. Asara, F. Baletto. - In: THE JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL PHYSICS. - ISSN 0021-9606. - 152:3(2020), pp. 034107.1-034107.8. [10.1063/1.5129670]

A kinetic Monte Carlo-blueprint for oxygen reduction on oxide-supported PtNi nanoalloys

F. Baletto
2020

Abstract

To elucidate the effect of the architecture of supported bimetallic nanocatalysts, we developed a new lattice kinetic Monte Carlo based on the classifying and counting adsorption sites with respect to their generalized coordination number. We employed this tool to estimate the activity of MgO-supported PtNi nanoalloys for oxygen reduction. We demonstrated that the presence of Ni atoms in contact with the substrate massively enhances their activity with at least a 7-order of magnitude increase in the turnover of water production with respect to the case where only Pt lay at the interface. We further discussed how the nanoalloy shape affects the activity showing that truncated octahedra are 102 more active than cuboctahedra of similar size. We explained our results in terms of their distinct distribution and occurrence of the most active sites for oxygen reduction leading to the stabilization of different chemical species during the reaction dynamics. Our results suggest that engineering multifaceted and long edge PtNi-nanoalloys with a certain chemical ordering at the support interface would improve their catalytic performance for the oxygen reduction reaction.
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/864992
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