Excavations in 1996, at Terranegra, a site located in the proximity of Legnago (Verona) produced animal remains from a Bronze Age occupation and from a proto-urban settlement dating to the Iron Age (800–600 BC). A total of 4,409 animal remains recovered, of which 2,804 (63.6 %) could be identified to the genus and species level. Our analysis shows that in the faunal assemblage bone fragments from domestic mammals largely dominate, meat procurement being secured by sheep, goat, cattle and pig. Based on the Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI), pigs likely outnumbered cattle. Horses and dogs were also present but in small numbers. The contribution of game to the assemblage is marginal as well, which can be expected in societies intensively engaged in agriculture. Most interestingly, the presence of two large-sized cattle metacarpi in the Terranegra assemblage points to non-native individuals and exchange of stock-on-the-hoof, presumably with the Etruscan civilization inhabiting the region of the Po Valley.

Die bronze-und eisenzeitlichen Tierknochenfunde von Terranegra (Legnago, Verona) / V. Depellegrin, L. Salzani, U. Tecchiati. - In: ANNALEN DES NATURHISTORISCHEN MUSEUMS IN WIEN. SERIE A FÜR MINERALOGIE UND PETROGRAPHIE, GEOLOGIE UND PALÄONTOLOGIE, ANTHROPOLOGIE UND PRÄHISTORIE. - ISSN 0255-0091. - 120(2018 Jan 15), pp. 177-193.

Die bronze-und eisenzeitlichen Tierknochenfunde von Terranegra (Legnago, Verona)

U. Tecchiati
Co-primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2018-01-15

Abstract

Excavations in 1996, at Terranegra, a site located in the proximity of Legnago (Verona) produced animal remains from a Bronze Age occupation and from a proto-urban settlement dating to the Iron Age (800–600 BC). A total of 4,409 animal remains recovered, of which 2,804 (63.6 %) could be identified to the genus and species level. Our analysis shows that in the faunal assemblage bone fragments from domestic mammals largely dominate, meat procurement being secured by sheep, goat, cattle and pig. Based on the Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI), pigs likely outnumbered cattle. Horses and dogs were also present but in small numbers. The contribution of game to the assemblage is marginal as well, which can be expected in societies intensively engaged in agriculture. Most interestingly, the presence of two large-sized cattle metacarpi in the Terranegra assemblage points to non-native individuals and exchange of stock-on-the-hoof, presumably with the Etruscan civilization inhabiting the region of the Po Valley.
Archaeozoology; Iron Age; Italy; Cattle
Settore L-ANT/01 - Preistoria e Protostoria
Settore L-ANT/10 - Metodologie della Ricerca Archeologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/863048
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