Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a common condition affecting thinly myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C fibers, often resulting in excruciating pain and dysautonomia. SFN has been associated with several conditions, but a significant number of cases have no discernible cause. Recent genetic studies have identified potentially pathogenic gain-of-function mutations in several the pore-forming voltage-gated sodium channel α subunits (NaVs) in a subset of patients with SFN, but the auxiliary sodium channel β subunits have been less implicated in the development of the disease. β subunits modulate NaV trafficking and gating, and several mutations have been linked to epilepsy and cardiac dysfunction. Recently, we provided the first evidence for the contribution of a mutation in the β2-subunit to pain in human painful diabetic neuropathy. Here, we provide the first evidence for the involvement of a sodium channel β subunit mutation in the pathogenesis of SFN with no other known causes. We show, through current-clamp analysis, that the newly-identified Y69H variant of the β2 subunit induces neuronal hyperexcitability in dorsal root ganglion neurons, lowering the threshold for action potential firing and allowing for increased repetitive action potential spiking. Underlying the hyperexcitability induced by the β2-Y69H variant, we demonstrate an upregulation in tetrodotoxin-sensitive, but not tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium currents. This provides the first evidence for the involvement of β2 subunits in SFN and strengthens the link between sodium channel β subunits and the development of neuropathic pain in humans.

A novel gain-of-function sodium channel b2 subunit mutation in idiopathic small fiber neuropathy / M. Alsaloum, J.I.R. Labau, D. Sosniak, P. Zhao, R. Almomani, M. Gerrits, J.G.J. Hoeijmakers, G. Lauria, C.G. Faber, S.G. Waxman, S. Dib-Hajj. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROPHYSIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-3077. - 126:3(2021), pp. 827-839. [10.1152/jn.00184.2021]

A novel gain-of-function sodium channel b2 subunit mutation in idiopathic small fiber neuropathy

G. Lauria;
2021

Abstract

Small fiber neuropathy (SFN) is a common condition affecting thinly myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C fibers, often resulting in excruciating pain and dysautonomia. SFN has been associated with several conditions, but a significant number of cases have no discernible cause. Recent genetic studies have identified potentially pathogenic gain-of-function mutations in several the pore-forming voltage-gated sodium channel α subunits (NaVs) in a subset of patients with SFN, but the auxiliary sodium channel β subunits have been less implicated in the development of the disease. β subunits modulate NaV trafficking and gating, and several mutations have been linked to epilepsy and cardiac dysfunction. Recently, we provided the first evidence for the contribution of a mutation in the β2-subunit to pain in human painful diabetic neuropathy. Here, we provide the first evidence for the involvement of a sodium channel β subunit mutation in the pathogenesis of SFN with no other known causes. We show, through current-clamp analysis, that the newly-identified Y69H variant of the β2 subunit induces neuronal hyperexcitability in dorsal root ganglion neurons, lowering the threshold for action potential firing and allowing for increased repetitive action potential spiking. Underlying the hyperexcitability induced by the β2-Y69H variant, we demonstrate an upregulation in tetrodotoxin-sensitive, but not tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium currents. This provides the first evidence for the involvement of β2 subunits in SFN and strengthens the link between sodium channel β subunits and the development of neuropathic pain in humans.
B 2 subunit; Small fiber neuropathy (SFN); Sodium channel b subunits; Tetrodotoxin-sensitive voltage-gated sodium channels; Voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/862531
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