Background Nutrition is a basic patients' need and an important component of nursing. End-of-life cancer patients can experience difficulties in eating and drinking, sometimes requiring artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH). Nurses' knowledge and attitudes greatly influence nursing care. Nurses may lack knowledge of ANH. To date, no study has explored the knowledge and attitudes of oncology and palliative care nurses toward end-of-life ANH. Objective To describe oncology and palliative care nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward ANH. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 regions of Italy using the Italian version of the Questionnaire on Knowledge and Attitudes in Providing ANH for Terminal Cancer Patients. Attitudes were divided into benefits and burdens of providing ANH. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results High percentages of oncology and palliative care nurses showed reasonable knowledge about ANH. More disagreement was evidenced about benefits and burdens of ANH, and lower importance was given to them. Conclusions Some misconceptions and a low level of awareness exist among some nurses about ANH. More nursing studies should be conducted and extended to different care settings. Moreover, guidelines should be reinforced with a nursing perspective to better define nurses' role in the decision-making process on ANH. Implications for Practice This exploration of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward ANH in end-of-life cancer patients can contribute to an understanding of how nurses can be involved in better meeting cancer patients' nutritional needs at the end of life.

Oncology and Palliative Care Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Artificial Nutrition and Hydration for Patients at End of Life in Italy: A Cross-sectional Survey / B. Albanesi, M. Piredda, A. Marchetti, C. Mastroianni, C. Magnani, M. Artico, D. D'Angelo, M. Lusignani, A. Ianni, M.G. De Marinis. - In: CANCER NURSING. - ISSN 0162-220X. - 44:2(2021), pp. E99-E107. [10.1097/NCC.0000000000000803]

Oncology and Palliative Care Nurses' Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Artificial Nutrition and Hydration for Patients at End of Life in Italy: A Cross-sectional Survey

M. Lusignani;
2021

Abstract

Background Nutrition is a basic patients' need and an important component of nursing. End-of-life cancer patients can experience difficulties in eating and drinking, sometimes requiring artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH). Nurses' knowledge and attitudes greatly influence nursing care. Nurses may lack knowledge of ANH. To date, no study has explored the knowledge and attitudes of oncology and palliative care nurses toward end-of-life ANH. Objective To describe oncology and palliative care nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward ANH. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional study was conducted in 7 regions of Italy using the Italian version of the Questionnaire on Knowledge and Attitudes in Providing ANH for Terminal Cancer Patients. Attitudes were divided into benefits and burdens of providing ANH. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results High percentages of oncology and palliative care nurses showed reasonable knowledge about ANH. More disagreement was evidenced about benefits and burdens of ANH, and lower importance was given to them. Conclusions Some misconceptions and a low level of awareness exist among some nurses about ANH. More nursing studies should be conducted and extended to different care settings. Moreover, guidelines should be reinforced with a nursing perspective to better define nurses' role in the decision-making process on ANH. Implications for Practice This exploration of nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward ANH in end-of-life cancer patients can contribute to an understanding of how nurses can be involved in better meeting cancer patients' nutritional needs at the end of life.
Attitude; End of life; Enteral nutrition; Hospice and palliative care nursing; Knowledge; Oncology nursing; Parenteral nutrition;
Settore MED/45 - Scienze Infermieristiche Generali, Cliniche e Pediatriche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/861592
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