Zeolites have attractive features making them suitable carriers for drug delivery systems (DDS). As such, we loaded the anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), into two different zeolite structures, faujasite (NaY) and Linde Type L (LTL), to obtain different DDS. The prepared DDS were tested in vitro using breast cancer, colorectal carcinoma, and melanoma cell lines and in vivo using the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane model (CAM). Both assays showed the best results for the Hs578T breast cancer cells, with a higher potentiation for 5-FU encapsulated in the zeolite LTL. To unveil the endocytic mechanisms involved in the internalization of the zeolite nanoparticles, endocytosis was inhibited pharmacologically in breast cancer and epithelial mammary human cells. The results suggest that a caveolin-mediated process was responsible for the internalized zeolite nanoparticles. Aiming to boost the DDS efficacy, the disc-shaped zeolite LTL outer surface was functionalized using amino (NH2) or carboxylic acid (COOH) groups and coated with poly-L-lysine (PLL). Positively functionalized surface LTL nanoparticles revealed to be non-toxic to human cells and, importantly, their internalization was faster and led to a higher tumor reduction in vivo. Overall, our results provide further insights into the mechanisms of interaction between zeolite-based DDS and cancer cells, and pave the way for future studies aiming to improve DDS anticancer activity.
Surface functionalization of zeolite-based drug delivery systems enhances their antitumoral activity in vivo / N. Vilaca, A.R. Bertao, E.A. Prasetyanto, S. Granja, M. Costa, R. Fernandes, F. Figueiredo, A.M. Fonseca, L. De Cola, F. Baltazar, I.C. Neves. - In: MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. C, BIOMIMETIC MATERIALS, SENSORS AND SYSTEMS. - ISSN 0928-4931. - 120(2021 Jan), pp. 111721.1-111721.13. [10.1016/j.msec.2020.111721]
|Titolo:||Surface functionalization of zeolite-based drug delivery systems enhances their antitumoral activity in vivo|
|Parole Chiave:||Cancer models; Chick Chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay; Drug delivery systems (DDS); Surface functionalization; Zeolite nanoparticles|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||gen-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2020.111721|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|