Leukoreduction of blood products is a technique used to prevent leukocyte-induced transfusion reactions and is extensively used in human, but rarely in veterinary patients. The concentration of some coagulation proteins can be affected by the processing steps used for the preparation of leuko-reduced plasma units. In this study, we assessed the effect of leukoreduction on coagulation activity of canine plasma collected for transfusion. Ten plasma units, five obtained from non-leuko-reduced (non-LR) whole blood (WB) units and five from leuko-reduced (LR) WB units were evaluated. Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), coagulation factor activities of factors (F) V, VIII, X, XI, and von Willebrand (vWF), fibrinogen and D-dimers content were assessed at collection (baseline value, D0) and after 7 days of frozen storage at 18 C (D7). Compared to non-LR plasma units, LR units showed a statistically significant prolonged aPTT and reduced FXI activity. Filtration had no significant effect on the other factors and parameters evaluated. Filtration-dependent changes appear to have no impact on the therapeutic quality of plasma obtained from leuko-reduced whole blood, other than for FXI activity. Further studies on a larger sample size comparing the same unit before and after leukoreduction are needed to confirm these findings.

Effect of leukoreduction by pre-storage filtration on coagulation activity of canine plasma collected for transfusion / E. Spada, R. Perego, L. Baggiani, D. Proverbio. - In: VETERINARY SCIENCES. - ISSN 2306-7381. - 8:8(2021 Aug 04), pp. 157.1-157.11. [10.3390/vetsci8080157]

Effect of leukoreduction by pre-storage filtration on coagulation activity of canine plasma collected for transfusion

E. Spada
Primo
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
R. Perego
Secondo
Investigation
;
L. Baggiani
Investigation
;
D. Proverbio
Ultimo
Conceptualization
2021

Abstract

Leukoreduction of blood products is a technique used to prevent leukocyte-induced transfusion reactions and is extensively used in human, but rarely in veterinary patients. The concentration of some coagulation proteins can be affected by the processing steps used for the preparation of leuko-reduced plasma units. In this study, we assessed the effect of leukoreduction on coagulation activity of canine plasma collected for transfusion. Ten plasma units, five obtained from non-leuko-reduced (non-LR) whole blood (WB) units and five from leuko-reduced (LR) WB units were evaluated. Prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), coagulation factor activities of factors (F) V, VIII, X, XI, and von Willebrand (vWF), fibrinogen and D-dimers content were assessed at collection (baseline value, D0) and after 7 days of frozen storage at 18 C (D7). Compared to non-LR plasma units, LR units showed a statistically significant prolonged aPTT and reduced FXI activity. Filtration had no significant effect on the other factors and parameters evaluated. Filtration-dependent changes appear to have no impact on the therapeutic quality of plasma obtained from leuko-reduced whole blood, other than for FXI activity. Further studies on a larger sample size comparing the same unit before and after leukoreduction are needed to confirm these findings.
canine; transfusion; plasma; leukoreduction; coagulation
Settore VET/08 - Clinica Medica Veterinaria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/861150
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