Synthetic cathinones have gained popularity among young drug users and are widely used in the clandestine market. While the cathinone‐induced behavioral profile has been extensively investigated, information on their neuroplastic effects is still rather fragmentary. Accordingly, we have exposed male mice to a single injection of MDPV and α‐PVP and sacrificed the animals at different time points (i.e., 30 min, 2 h, and 24 h) to have a rapid readout of the effect of these psychostimulants on neuroplasticity in the frontal lobe and hippocampus, two reward‐related brain regions. We found that a single, low dose of MDPV or α‐PVP is sufficient to alter the expression of neuroplastic markers in the adult mouse brain. In particular, we found increased expression of the transcription factor Npas4, increased ratio between the vesicular GABA transporter and the vesicular glutamate transporter together with changes in the expression of the neurotrophin Bdnf, confirming the widespread impact of these cathinones on brain plasticity. To sum up, exposure to low dose of cathinones can impair cortical and hippocampal homeostasis, suggesting that abuse of these cathinones at much higher doses, as it occurs in humans, could have an even more profound impact on neuroplasticity.

Single exposure to the cathinones MDPV and α‐PVP alters molecular markers of neuroplasticity in the adult mouse brain / L. Caffino, F. Mottarlini, S. Bilel, G. Targa, M. Tirri, C. Maggi, M. Marti, F. Fumagalli. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES. - ISSN 1661-6596. - 22:14(2021 Jul 09), pp. 7397.1-7397.12. [10.3390/ijms22147397]

Single exposure to the cathinones MDPV and α‐PVP alters molecular markers of neuroplasticity in the adult mouse brain

L. Caffino;F. Mottarlini;G. Targa;C. Maggi;F. Fumagalli
2021-07-09

Abstract

Synthetic cathinones have gained popularity among young drug users and are widely used in the clandestine market. While the cathinone‐induced behavioral profile has been extensively investigated, information on their neuroplastic effects is still rather fragmentary. Accordingly, we have exposed male mice to a single injection of MDPV and α‐PVP and sacrificed the animals at different time points (i.e., 30 min, 2 h, and 24 h) to have a rapid readout of the effect of these psychostimulants on neuroplasticity in the frontal lobe and hippocampus, two reward‐related brain regions. We found that a single, low dose of MDPV or α‐PVP is sufficient to alter the expression of neuroplastic markers in the adult mouse brain. In particular, we found increased expression of the transcription factor Npas4, increased ratio between the vesicular GABA transporter and the vesicular glutamate transporter together with changes in the expression of the neurotrophin Bdnf, confirming the widespread impact of these cathinones on brain plasticity. To sum up, exposure to low dose of cathinones can impair cortical and hippocampal homeostasis, suggesting that abuse of these cathinones at much higher doses, as it occurs in humans, could have an even more profound impact on neuroplasticity.
BDNF; cathinones; frontal cortex; GABA; glutamate; hippocampus; MDPV; mouse; NPAS4; α‐PVP
Settore BIO/14 - Farmacologia
PCM17FFUMA_01 - Sensory Processing SensiTivity AND drug Use recovery Pathways (STANDUP) - FUMAGALLI, FABIO - PCM - Bandi Presidenza Consiglio dei Ministri - 2017
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/860704
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