The objective of the research was to evaluate the location, size, variability, and morphologic features of mental foramen (MF) and the inferior alveolar nerve canal (IAN) on cone-beam CT. We evaluated the morphologic findings of mental foramen (MF) and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) canal of 88 mandibular hemiarches of 65 Caucasian subjects (35 males, 30 females; age range 25-75 years) using cone beam CT. The most common horizontal position of MF was type 3 (53.4%), followed by type 4 (39.8%), type 1 (2.3%), type 2 (2.3%), and type 5 (2.3%). Regarding the vertical position, in 71.6% of cases (63/88) we found type 3 position, followed by type 2 (22.7%) and type 1 (5.7%). MF presented as oval in 51.1% and round in 42%, with double oval and triple foramens having been observed in 5.7% and 1.1% respectively. In 36.9% of cases, we found an anterior loop of the IAN. The mean depth of MF was 6.12±1.65mm; width and height were 3.7±0.83mm and 3.14±0.78mm. Width and height of the IAN distal to MF were 2.27±0.53mm and 2.74±0.51mm, while those of the incisive nerve canal mesial to MF were 1.37±0.44mm and 1.54±0.58mm, respectively. An increase in the width of MF was correlated to oval shape (r=0.45; P < 0.01), and there was a low but significant correlation (r=0.23; P < 0.05) between the round shape of MF and the size of the IAN. MF shape appears to be correlated to MF width and size of the IAN. The individual anatomical variability of this structure is a factor that must be considered when dealing with mandibular surgery.

Evaluation of mental foramen and inferior alveolar nerve canal and its relationship to adjacent anatomical landmarks using cone-beam computer tomography / S. Taschieri, C. Vitelli, D. Albano, L. Sconfienza, M. Del Fabbro, L. Francetti, M. Parrini, S. Corbella. - In: JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL REGULATORS & HOMEOSTATIC AGENTS. - ISSN 0393-974X. - 35:2 Suppl. 1(2021 Apr), pp. 107-115. [10.23812/21-2supp1-10]

Evaluation of mental foramen and inferior alveolar nerve canal and its relationship to adjacent anatomical landmarks using cone-beam computer tomography

S. Taschieri
Primo
;
C. Vitelli
Secondo
;
L. Sconfienza;M. Del Fabbro;L. Francetti;M. Parrini
Penultimo
;
S. Corbella
Ultimo
2021-04

Abstract

The objective of the research was to evaluate the location, size, variability, and morphologic features of mental foramen (MF) and the inferior alveolar nerve canal (IAN) on cone-beam CT. We evaluated the morphologic findings of mental foramen (MF) and inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) canal of 88 mandibular hemiarches of 65 Caucasian subjects (35 males, 30 females; age range 25-75 years) using cone beam CT. The most common horizontal position of MF was type 3 (53.4%), followed by type 4 (39.8%), type 1 (2.3%), type 2 (2.3%), and type 5 (2.3%). Regarding the vertical position, in 71.6% of cases (63/88) we found type 3 position, followed by type 2 (22.7%) and type 1 (5.7%). MF presented as oval in 51.1% and round in 42%, with double oval and triple foramens having been observed in 5.7% and 1.1% respectively. In 36.9% of cases, we found an anterior loop of the IAN. The mean depth of MF was 6.12±1.65mm; width and height were 3.7±0.83mm and 3.14±0.78mm. Width and height of the IAN distal to MF were 2.27±0.53mm and 2.74±0.51mm, while those of the incisive nerve canal mesial to MF were 1.37±0.44mm and 1.54±0.58mm, respectively. An increase in the width of MF was correlated to oval shape (r=0.45; P < 0.01), and there was a low but significant correlation (r=0.23; P < 0.05) between the round shape of MF and the size of the IAN. MF shape appears to be correlated to MF width and size of the IAN. The individual anatomical variability of this structure is a factor that must be considered when dealing with mandibular surgery.
cone beam computed tomography; incisive nerve; inferior alveolar nerve; mandibular anatomy; mental foramen; mental nerve; Adult; Aged; Computers; Cone-Beam Computed Tomography; Female; Humans; Male; Mandible; Mandibular Nerve; Middle Aged; Mental Foramen
Settore MED/50 - Scienze Tecniche Mediche Applicate
Settore MED/28 - Malattie Odontostomatologiche
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/860657
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