We address the discrimination of structured baths at different temperatures by dephasing quantum probes. We derive the exact reduced dynamics and evaluate the minimum error probability achievable by three different kinds of quantum probes, namely, a qubit, a qutrit, and a quantum register made of two qubits. Our results indicate that dephasing quantum probes are useful in discriminating low values of temperature and that lower probabilities of error are achieved for intermediate values of the interaction time, where the minimum probability of error scales as 1/2N, with N the number of energy levels of the probe. A qutrit probe outperforms a qubit one in the discrimination task, whereas entangled probes show smaller optimal times.

Discrimination of Ohmic thermal baths by quantum dephasing probes / A. Candeloro, M.G.A. Paris. - In: PHYSICAL REVIEW A. - ISSN 2469-9926. - 103:1(2021), pp. 012217.1-012217.9. [10.1103/PhysRevA.103.012217]

Discrimination of Ohmic thermal baths by quantum dephasing probes

A. Candeloro
Primo
;
M.G.A. Paris
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

We address the discrimination of structured baths at different temperatures by dephasing quantum probes. We derive the exact reduced dynamics and evaluate the minimum error probability achievable by three different kinds of quantum probes, namely, a qubit, a qutrit, and a quantum register made of two qubits. Our results indicate that dephasing quantum probes are useful in discriminating low values of temperature and that lower probabilities of error are achieved for intermediate values of the interaction time, where the minimum probability of error scales as 1/2N, with N the number of energy levels of the probe. A qutrit probe outperforms a qubit one in the discrimination task, whereas entangled probes show smaller optimal times.
Non-equilibrium; irreversible thermodynamics; Non-equilibrium statistical mechanics; Quantum metrology; Quantum sensing;
Settore FIS/03 - Fisica della Materia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/860071
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