The article retraces intellectuals’ self-perception within early Italian oper- aismo and is based on the periodicals Mondo Operaio , Quaderni Rossi, and classe operaia, and on the writings by Panzieri, Asor Rosa, and Tronti. Operaismo was a political tendency that found fertile ground in the Italian non-orthodox Marxist political milieux as a response to the accel- erated industrialization and the consequent harsh working conditions in factories between the late 1950s and the early 1960s. It deemed factory life the focal point of contemporary capitalist society, raising criticism against the Italian Communist Party, and supported workers’ councils rather than top-down led unions, investigating the lives of laborers at their workplace in times of so-called neo-capitalism. The article highlights the idea of a coincidence of theoretical and practical levels in the organi- zation of class struggle, and the denying of universal values by taking the one-sided point of view of the workers. It also posits that surveys pub- lished in these periodicals, which nowadays are still significant sources for studying the industrial environment of the time, must always be consid- ered in the light of the conception of both the role of intellectuals and the function of culture in society.

Intellectuals at the factory gates: Early Italian operaismo from Raniero Panzieri to Mario Tronti / F. Guidali. - In: LABOR HISTORY. - ISSN 0023-656X. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1080/0023656X.2021.1955095]

Intellectuals at the factory gates: Early Italian operaismo from Raniero Panzieri to Mario Tronti

F. Guidali
2021

Abstract

The article retraces intellectuals’ self-perception within early Italian oper- aismo and is based on the periodicals Mondo Operaio , Quaderni Rossi, and classe operaia, and on the writings by Panzieri, Asor Rosa, and Tronti. Operaismo was a political tendency that found fertile ground in the Italian non-orthodox Marxist political milieux as a response to the accel- erated industrialization and the consequent harsh working conditions in factories between the late 1950s and the early 1960s. It deemed factory life the focal point of contemporary capitalist society, raising criticism against the Italian Communist Party, and supported workers’ councils rather than top-down led unions, investigating the lives of laborers at their workplace in times of so-called neo-capitalism. The article highlights the idea of a coincidence of theoretical and practical levels in the organi- zation of class struggle, and the denying of universal values by taking the one-sided point of view of the workers. It also posits that surveys pub- lished in these periodicals, which nowadays are still significant sources for studying the industrial environment of the time, must always be consid- ered in the light of the conception of both the role of intellectuals and the function of culture in society.
Operaismo; Raniero Panzieri; Mario Tronti; Alberto Asor Rosa; intellectuals; neocapitalism
Settore M-STO/04 - Storia Contemporanea
26-lug-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/859880
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