Measurements of serum concentrations of therapeutic antibodies and anti-drug antibodies (ADA) can support clinical decisions for the management of non-responders, optimizing the therapy. In the present study we compared the results obtained by classical ELISA and a recently proposed surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based immunoassay, in 76 patients receiving infliximab for inflammatory bowel diseases. The two methods indicated very similar serum concentrations of the drug, but there were striking differences as regards ADA. All the sera showing ADA by ELISA (14) also showed ADA by SPR, but the absolute amounts were different, being 7-490 times higher with SPR, with no correlation. Eight patients showed ADA only with SPR, and these ADA had significantly faster dissociation rate constants than those detectable by both SPR and ELISA. The underestimation, or the lack of detection, of ADA by ELISA is likely to reflect the long incubation steps which favor dissociation of the patient's low-affinity ADA, while the commercial, high-affinity anti-infliximab antibodies used for the calibration curve do not dissociate. This problem is less important with SPR, which monitors binding in real time. The possibility offered by SPR to detect ADA in patients otherwise considered ADA-negative by ELISA could have important implications for clinicians.

Surface plasmon resonance unveils important pitfalls of enzyme-linked immunoassay for the detection of anti-infliximab antibodies in patients' sera / M. Beeg, C. Burti, E. Allocati, C. Ciafardini, R. Banzi, A. Nobili, F. Caprioli, S. Garattini, M. Gobbi. - In: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS. - ISSN 2045-2322. - 11:1(2021), pp. 14976.1-14976.9. [10.1038/s41598-021-94431-x]

Surface plasmon resonance unveils important pitfalls of enzyme-linked immunoassay for the detection of anti-infliximab antibodies in patients' sera

R. Banzi;F. Caprioli;
2021

Abstract

Measurements of serum concentrations of therapeutic antibodies and anti-drug antibodies (ADA) can support clinical decisions for the management of non-responders, optimizing the therapy. In the present study we compared the results obtained by classical ELISA and a recently proposed surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based immunoassay, in 76 patients receiving infliximab for inflammatory bowel diseases. The two methods indicated very similar serum concentrations of the drug, but there were striking differences as regards ADA. All the sera showing ADA by ELISA (14) also showed ADA by SPR, but the absolute amounts were different, being 7-490 times higher with SPR, with no correlation. Eight patients showed ADA only with SPR, and these ADA had significantly faster dissociation rate constants than those detectable by both SPR and ELISA. The underestimation, or the lack of detection, of ADA by ELISA is likely to reflect the long incubation steps which favor dissociation of the patient's low-affinity ADA, while the commercial, high-affinity anti-infliximab antibodies used for the calibration curve do not dissociate. This problem is less important with SPR, which monitors binding in real time. The possibility offered by SPR to detect ADA in patients otherwise considered ADA-negative by ELISA could have important implications for clinicians.
Settore MED/12 - Gastroenterologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/859690
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