Background: Limited information is available regarding the rate of long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2ndG/3rdG TKIs) in the real-life practice. Methods: We identified 656 consecutive CML patients treated with nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib. Results: The 15-year CV-mortality free survival was 93 ± 2.8%. Age ≥65 years (p = 0.005) and a positive history of CV disease (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with a lower CV-mortality free survival. CV disease accounted for 16.5% and 5% of potential years of life lost (PYLL) in male and female patients, respectively. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) following ischemic heart disease (IHD) was 3.9 in males and 3.8 in female patients, meaning an excess of IHD deaths observed, in comparison with the population of control. Conclusion. Prevention strategies based on CV risk factors, in particular in those patients with a previous history of CV disease, should be considered.

Long-term mortality rate for cardiovascular disease in 656 chronic myeloid leukaemia patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors / G. Caocci, O. Mulas, M. Annunziata, L. Luciano, E. Abruzzese, M. Bonifacio, E.M. Orlandi, F. Albano, S. Galimberti, A. Iurlo, P. Pregno, N. Sgherza, B. Martino, G. Binotto, F. Castagnetti, A. Gozzini, M. Bocchia, C. Fozza, F. Stagno, M.P. Simula, F. De Gregorio, M.M. Trawinska, L. Scaffidi, C. Elena, I. Attolico, C. Barate, D. Cattaneo, F. Pirillo, G. Gugliotta, A. Sicuranza, M. Molica, G. La Nasa, R. Foa, M. Breccia. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 301(2020 Feb 15), pp. 163-166. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2019.10.036]

Long-term mortality rate for cardiovascular disease in 656 chronic myeloid leukaemia patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors

D. Cattaneo;
2020-02-15

Abstract

Background: Limited information is available regarding the rate of long-term cardiovascular (CV) mortality in chronic myeloid leukaemia (CML) patients treated with second- and third-generation tyrosine kinase inhibitors (2ndG/3rdG TKIs) in the real-life practice. Methods: We identified 656 consecutive CML patients treated with nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib and ponatinib. Results: The 15-year CV-mortality free survival was 93 ± 2.8%. Age ≥65 years (p = 0.005) and a positive history of CV disease (p = 0.04) were significantly associated with a lower CV-mortality free survival. CV disease accounted for 16.5% and 5% of potential years of life lost (PYLL) in male and female patients, respectively. The standard mortality ratio (SMR) following ischemic heart disease (IHD) was 3.9 in males and 3.8 in female patients, meaning an excess of IHD deaths observed, in comparison with the population of control. Conclusion. Prevention strategies based on CV risk factors, in particular in those patients with a previous history of CV disease, should be considered.
chronic myeloid leukemia; cardiovascular toxicity; TKI; ischemic heart disease
Settore MED/15 - Malattie del Sangue
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/859548
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