Discriminating between cardiac and pulmonary dyspnea is essential for patients’ management. We investigated the feasibility and ability of forced oscillation techniques (FOT) in distinguishing between acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD), and acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in a clinical emergency setting. We enrolled 49 patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for dyspnea and acute respiratory failure for AECOPD, or ADHF, and 11 healthy subjects. All patients were able to perform bedside FOT measurement. Patients with AECOPD showed a significantly higher inspiratory resistance at 5 Hz, Xrs5 (179% of predicted, interquartile range, IQR 94–224 vs. 100 IQR 67–149; p = 0.019), and a higher inspiratory reactance at 5 Hz (151%, IQR 74–231 vs. 57 IQR 49–99; p = 0.005) than patients with ADHF. Moreover, AECOPD showed higher heterogeneity of ventilation (respiratory system resistance difference at 5 and 19 Hz, Rrs5-19: 1.49 cmH2O/(L/s), IQR 1.03–2.16 vs. 0.44 IQR 0.22–0.76; p = 0.030), and a higher percentage of flow limited breaths compared to ADHF (10%, IQR 0–100 vs. 0 IQR 0–12; p = 0.030). FOT, which resulted in a suitable tool to be used in the ED setting, has the ability to identify distinct mechanical properties of the respiratory system in AECOPD and ADHF.

Distinct mechanical properties of the respiratory system evaluated by forced oscillation technique in acute exacerbation of copd and acute decompensated heart failure / S. Terraneo, R.F. Rinaldo, G.F. Sferrazza Papa, F. Ribolla, C. Gulotta, L. Maugeri, E. Gatti, S. Centanni, F. Di Marco. - In: DIAGNOSTICS. - ISSN 2075-4418. - 11:3(2021 Mar 19), pp. 554.1-554.10. [10.3390/diagnostics11030554]

Distinct mechanical properties of the respiratory system evaluated by forced oscillation technique in acute exacerbation of copd and acute decompensated heart failure

S. Terraneo
Primo
;
R.F. Rinaldo
Secondo
;
G.F. Sferrazza Papa;F. Ribolla;S. Centanni
Penultimo
;
F. Di Marco
Ultimo
2021-03-19

Abstract

Discriminating between cardiac and pulmonary dyspnea is essential for patients’ management. We investigated the feasibility and ability of forced oscillation techniques (FOT) in distinguishing between acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD), and acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in a clinical emergency setting. We enrolled 49 patients admitted to the emergency department (ED) for dyspnea and acute respiratory failure for AECOPD, or ADHF, and 11 healthy subjects. All patients were able to perform bedside FOT measurement. Patients with AECOPD showed a significantly higher inspiratory resistance at 5 Hz, Xrs5 (179% of predicted, interquartile range, IQR 94–224 vs. 100 IQR 67–149; p = 0.019), and a higher inspiratory reactance at 5 Hz (151%, IQR 74–231 vs. 57 IQR 49–99; p = 0.005) than patients with ADHF. Moreover, AECOPD showed higher heterogeneity of ventilation (respiratory system resistance difference at 5 and 19 Hz, Rrs5-19: 1.49 cmH2O/(L/s), IQR 1.03–2.16 vs. 0.44 IQR 0.22–0.76; p = 0.030), and a higher percentage of flow limited breaths compared to ADHF (10%, IQR 0–100 vs. 0 IQR 0–12; p = 0.030). FOT, which resulted in a suitable tool to be used in the ED setting, has the ability to identify distinct mechanical properties of the respiratory system in AECOPD and ADHF.
Acute exacerbation of COPD; FOT; Heart failure
Settore MED/10 - Malattie dell'Apparato Respiratorio
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/859133
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