Discrimination is a social phenomenon which seems to be widespread across different societies and cultures. Examples of discrimination concerning race, class, gender, and sexual orientation are not difficult to find in contemporary western societies. In this article, the author focus on the ontological ground of this phenomenon, with particular attention to its diffuse and institutionalised forms. The author defends a broadly speaking reductionist approach, according to which the various manifestations of discrimination are grounded on the existence of the effects of “discriminatory stances” in social contexts. Discrimination may become part of the institutional sphere, either by way of bottom-up “crystallisation” of discriminatory practices, or by top-down “dilution” of institutional defaults into ordinary interactions.

The ontology of discrimination / G. Torrengo. - In: GRAZER PHILOSOPHISCHE STUDIEN. - ISSN 0165-9227. - 98:2(2021 Jun 17), pp. 268-286. [10.1163/18756735-00000134]

The ontology of discrimination

G. Torrengo
2021-06-17

Abstract

Discrimination is a social phenomenon which seems to be widespread across different societies and cultures. Examples of discrimination concerning race, class, gender, and sexual orientation are not difficult to find in contemporary western societies. In this article, the author focus on the ontological ground of this phenomenon, with particular attention to its diffuse and institutionalised forms. The author defends a broadly speaking reductionist approach, according to which the various manifestations of discrimination are grounded on the existence of the effects of “discriminatory stances” in social contexts. Discrimination may become part of the institutional sphere, either by way of bottom-up “crystallisation” of discriminatory practices, or by top-down “dilution” of institutional defaults into ordinary interactions.
Discrimination; Institutions; Social ontology
Settore M-FIL/05 - Filosofia e Teoria dei Linguaggi
Dipartimenti di Eccellenza 2018-2022 - Dipartimento di FILOSOFIA
GRAZER PHILOSOPHISCHE STUDIEN
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/858473
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