In agro-urban environments, the water resource conveyed by rural channels is susceptible to a gradual impoverishment due to the continuous combined sewer overfow release, constituting a pending and urgent issue for water management companies and the entire community. Reliable one-dimensional longitudinal dispersion coefcients D are required to model and study the hydrodynamics and water quality patterns at the scale of rural channel networks. Empirical formulas are usually adopted to estimate D but the accuracy in the prediction could be questionable. In order to identify which are the most suitable formulas to determine D in rural channels, feld tracer measurements were carried out in three rural channels with typical geometry and confguration. The obtained D values were then compared with the most commonly used predicting formulas that the literature provides. The accuracy of the predictors was further checked by simulating diferent fow rates inside the tested channels by using a one-dimensional hydraulic model. Starting from the obtained results, indications and guidelines to choose the most suitable formulas to predict D in rural channels were provided. These indications should be followed when developing realistic quality models in the agro-urban environments, especially in those cases where direct measurements of the longitudinal dispersion coefcient D are not available.

Evaluating longitudinal dispersion of scalars in rural channels of agro‑urban environments / C. Peruzzi, A. Galli, E.A. Chiaradia, D. Masseroni. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL FLUID MECHANICS. - ISSN 1567-7419. - 21:4(2021 Aug), pp. 925-954. [10.1007/s10652-021-09804-7]

Evaluating longitudinal dispersion of scalars in rural channels of agro‑urban environments

C. Peruzzi
;
A. Galli;E.A. Chiaradia;D. Masseroni
2021

Abstract

In agro-urban environments, the water resource conveyed by rural channels is susceptible to a gradual impoverishment due to the continuous combined sewer overfow release, constituting a pending and urgent issue for water management companies and the entire community. Reliable one-dimensional longitudinal dispersion coefcients D are required to model and study the hydrodynamics and water quality patterns at the scale of rural channel networks. Empirical formulas are usually adopted to estimate D but the accuracy in the prediction could be questionable. In order to identify which are the most suitable formulas to determine D in rural channels, feld tracer measurements were carried out in three rural channels with typical geometry and confguration. The obtained D values were then compared with the most commonly used predicting formulas that the literature provides. The accuracy of the predictors was further checked by simulating diferent fow rates inside the tested channels by using a one-dimensional hydraulic model. Starting from the obtained results, indications and guidelines to choose the most suitable formulas to predict D in rural channels were provided. These indications should be followed when developing realistic quality models in the agro-urban environments, especially in those cases where direct measurements of the longitudinal dispersion coefcient D are not available.
Longitudinal dispersion coefcient; Field tracer experiments; Rural channels; Empirical formulas
Settore AGR/08 - Idraulica Agraria e Sistemazioni Idraulico-Forestali
12-lug-2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/858351
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