Background: Children often develop an asymptomatic form of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), but it is debated if children are at higher risk than adults to be asymptomatic carriers of SARS-CoV-2, especially during the school reopening. The main aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic carriers in children and adults during the reopening of the schools in Milan, Italy. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the pediatric and adult Emergency Department (ED) of the Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico (Milan) between October 1 and 31, 2020, i.e. 3 weeks after the reopening of schools. Patients admitted to the ED short stay observation and without any sign or symptom consistent with a SARS-CoV-2 were eligible. These patients underwent a nasopharyngeal swab specimen for the detection of SARS-CoV-2. The odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated to assess the risk of asymptomatically carrying the SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and adults. Results: A total of 69 (27 females, median age 8.7 years) children and 251 (107 females, median age 71 years) adults were enrolled. Pediatric and adult subjects tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 with a similar frequency (1/69 [1.4%] vs 4/251 [1.6%]). Children had an odds ratio to be a carrier of 0.91 (CI 0.02– 9.38) compared to adults. Conclusions: The frequency of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers was similar among children and adults. Considering the emerging diffusion of new SARS-CoV-2 variants, the asymptomatic spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and adults should be monitored.

Frequency of asymptomatic carriers of SARS-CoV-2 among children and adults after school reopening / G.P. Milani, P. Marchisio, A. Rocchi, G. Bertolozzi, L. Furlan, A. La Vecchia, C. Agostoni, G. Costantino. - In: THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS. - ISSN 1720-8424. - 47:1(2021 Mar 12), pp. 65.1-65.4. [10.1186/s13052-021-01016-5]

Frequency of asymptomatic carriers of SARS-CoV-2 among children and adults after school reopening

Milani G. P.;Marchisio P.;Furlan L.;La Vecchia A.;Agostoni C.;Costantino G.
2021-03-12

Abstract

Background: Children often develop an asymptomatic form of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), but it is debated if children are at higher risk than adults to be asymptomatic carriers of SARS-CoV-2, especially during the school reopening. The main aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of SARS-CoV-2 asymptomatic carriers in children and adults during the reopening of the schools in Milan, Italy. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study at the pediatric and adult Emergency Department (ED) of the Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico (Milan) between October 1 and 31, 2020, i.e. 3 weeks after the reopening of schools. Patients admitted to the ED short stay observation and without any sign or symptom consistent with a SARS-CoV-2 were eligible. These patients underwent a nasopharyngeal swab specimen for the detection of SARS-CoV-2. The odds ratio and its 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated to assess the risk of asymptomatically carrying the SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and adults. Results: A total of 69 (27 females, median age 8.7 years) children and 251 (107 females, median age 71 years) adults were enrolled. Pediatric and adult subjects tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 with a similar frequency (1/69 [1.4%] vs 4/251 [1.6%]). Children had an odds ratio to be a carrier of 0.91 (CI 0.02– 9.38) compared to adults. Conclusions: The frequency of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 carriers was similar among children and adults. Considering the emerging diffusion of new SARS-CoV-2 variants, the asymptomatic spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection among children and adults should be monitored.
Adolescent; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; COVID-19; Carrier State; Child; Child, Preschool; Cross-Sectional Studies; Emergency Service, Hospital; Female; Humans; Infant; Italy; Male; Middle Aged; Nasopharynx; SARS-CoV-2; Schools; Specimen Handling
Settore MED/38 - Pediatria Generale e Specialistica
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
THE ITALIAN JOURNAL OF PEDIATRICS
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/857317
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