Objective: The aims of the study were to compare mobility in multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, and stroke, and to quantify the relationship between mobility and participation restrictions. Design: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study. Included were compliant subjects with Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke seen for rehabilitation, with no comorbidities interfering with mobility. Functional scales were applied to each subject to investigate gait speed (10-meter walking test), balance while maintaining body position (Berg Balance Scale), dynamic balance and mobility (Timed Up and Go and Dynamic Gait Index), and participation (Community Integration Questionnaire). Results: Two hundred ninety-nine patients (111 multiple sclerosis, 94 Parkinson disease, and 94 stroke) were enrolled. Stroke had the slowest gait speed (mean gait speed = 0.9 m/sec) compared with Parkinson disease (1.1 m/sec), and multiple sclerosis (1.2 m/sec) (P < 0.001). Multiple sclerosis was more limited than Parkinson disease and stroke in dynamic balance both in the Timed Up and Go Test (multiple sclerosis = 16.7 secs, Parkinson disease = 11.4 secs, stroke = 14.0 secs; P < 0.001) and Dynamic Gait Index (multiple sclerosis = 11.6 points, Parkinson disease = 12.9 points, stroke = 13.6 points; P = 0.03); ability to maintain balance and body position (Berg Balance Scale) was more affected in stroke and Parkinson disease than multiple sclerosis (multiple sclerosis = 42.6 points, Parkinson disease = 39.4 points, stroke = 39.7 points; P = 0.03). Balance disorders were associated with participation restrictions but not gait speed. Conclusions: Neurological conditions have differing impacts on gait and balance, leading to different levels of participation restriction.

Mobility Disorders in Stroke, Parkinson Disease, and Multiple Sclerosis : A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study / D. Cattaneo, E. Gervasoni, E. Pupillo, E. Bianchi, I. Aprile, I. Imbimbo, R. Russo, A. Cruciani, J. Jonsdottir, M. Agostini, E. Beghi. - In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL MEDICINE & REHABILITATION. - ISSN 0894-9115. - 99:1(2020 Jan), pp. 41-47. [10.1097/PHM.0000000000001272]

Mobility Disorders in Stroke, Parkinson Disease, and Multiple Sclerosis : A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

D. Cattaneo
Primo
;
2020

Abstract

Objective: The aims of the study were to compare mobility in multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease, and stroke, and to quantify the relationship between mobility and participation restrictions. Design: This is a multicenter cross-sectional study. Included were compliant subjects with Parkinson disease, multiple sclerosis, and stroke seen for rehabilitation, with no comorbidities interfering with mobility. Functional scales were applied to each subject to investigate gait speed (10-meter walking test), balance while maintaining body position (Berg Balance Scale), dynamic balance and mobility (Timed Up and Go and Dynamic Gait Index), and participation (Community Integration Questionnaire). Results: Two hundred ninety-nine patients (111 multiple sclerosis, 94 Parkinson disease, and 94 stroke) were enrolled. Stroke had the slowest gait speed (mean gait speed = 0.9 m/sec) compared with Parkinson disease (1.1 m/sec), and multiple sclerosis (1.2 m/sec) (P < 0.001). Multiple sclerosis was more limited than Parkinson disease and stroke in dynamic balance both in the Timed Up and Go Test (multiple sclerosis = 16.7 secs, Parkinson disease = 11.4 secs, stroke = 14.0 secs; P < 0.001) and Dynamic Gait Index (multiple sclerosis = 11.6 points, Parkinson disease = 12.9 points, stroke = 13.6 points; P = 0.03); ability to maintain balance and body position (Berg Balance Scale) was more affected in stroke and Parkinson disease than multiple sclerosis (multiple sclerosis = 42.6 points, Parkinson disease = 39.4 points, stroke = 39.7 points; P = 0.03). Balance disorders were associated with participation restrictions but not gait speed. Conclusions: Neurological conditions have differing impacts on gait and balance, leading to different levels of participation restriction.
Parkinson Disease; Multiple Sclerosis; Stroke; Falls; Mobility
Settore MED/48 -Scienze Infermie.e Tecniche Neuro-Psichiatriche e Riabilitattive
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/857130
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