Purpose of review: Nephrin, the main structural protein of the slit diaphragm, is expressed on the surface of glomerular podocytes and is critical in maintaining permselectivity and preventing proteinuria. This review focuses on the fate of nephrin in the context of endothelial injury and gives an update on the recent progress in understanding the pathomechanisms that lead to proteinuria. Recent findings: The following conditions of endothelial injury were found to induce loss of nephrin.(1) Preeclampsia, in which the associated proteinuria is induced by the soluble variant of vascular endothelial growth factor, which stimulates production of endothelin 1 (ET1) in endothelial cells. ET1 in turn triggers nephrin shedding from podocytes.(2) Hypertension, in which increased levels of angiotensin II induce podocyte apoptosis and reduce nephrin expression, leading to proteinuria in rats.(3) Diabetes and high fat diet, which lead to a significant increase in inflammatory molecules and cytokines, including MCP-1, which induces changes in podocyte cytoskeleton and nephrin loss. Summary: Recent results showed that damage to endothelial cells may alter endothelial-podocyte interaction and induces nephrin loss, a main cause of proteinuria.

Nephrin and endothelial injury / P.V. Hauser, F. Collino, B. Bussolati, G. Camussi. - In: CURRENT OPINION IN NEPHROLOGY AND HYPERTENSION. - ISSN 1062-4821. - 18:1(2009), pp. 3-8. [10.1097/MNH.0b013e32831a4713]

Nephrin and endothelial injury

F. Collino;
2009

Abstract

Purpose of review: Nephrin, the main structural protein of the slit diaphragm, is expressed on the surface of glomerular podocytes and is critical in maintaining permselectivity and preventing proteinuria. This review focuses on the fate of nephrin in the context of endothelial injury and gives an update on the recent progress in understanding the pathomechanisms that lead to proteinuria. Recent findings: The following conditions of endothelial injury were found to induce loss of nephrin.(1) Preeclampsia, in which the associated proteinuria is induced by the soluble variant of vascular endothelial growth factor, which stimulates production of endothelin 1 (ET1) in endothelial cells. ET1 in turn triggers nephrin shedding from podocytes.(2) Hypertension, in which increased levels of angiotensin II induce podocyte apoptosis and reduce nephrin expression, leading to proteinuria in rats.(3) Diabetes and high fat diet, which lead to a significant increase in inflammatory molecules and cytokines, including MCP-1, which induces changes in podocyte cytoskeleton and nephrin loss. Summary: Recent results showed that damage to endothelial cells may alter endothelial-podocyte interaction and induces nephrin loss, a main cause of proteinuria.
Endothelium; Nephrin; Podocytes; Preeclampsia; Renal injury
Settore MED/46 - Scienze Tecniche di Medicina di Laboratorio
Settore MED/14 - Nefrologia
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/856810
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