The E2F1 transcription factor is a master regulator of cell-cycle progression whose uncontrolled activation contributes to tumor cells growth. E2F1 binds DNA as a heterodimer with DP partners, resulting in a multi-domain quaternary-structure complex composed of DNA binding domains, a coiled coil domain and a marked box domain separated by short linkers. Building on the 3D knowledge of the single domains of E2F and DPs, we characterized the structure and dynamics of the complete E2F1/DP1/DNA complex by a combination of small-angle X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics simulations. It shows an asymmetric contribution of the dynamics of the two proteins. Namely, the coiled-coil domain leans toward the DP1 side of the complex; the DP1 loop between α2 and α3 of the DBD partially populates a helical structure leaning far from the DNA and in the same direction of the coiled-coil domain; and the N-terminal disordered region of DP1, rich in basic residues, contributes to DNA binding stabilization. Intriguingly, tumor mutations in the flexible regions of the complex suggest that perturbation of protein dynamics could affect protein function in a context-dependent way. Our data suggest fundamental contributions of DP proteins in distinct aspects of E2F biology.

High Conformational Flexibility of the E2F1/DP1/DNA complex / D. Saad, C. Paissoni, A. Chaves-Sanjuan, M. Nardini, R. Mantovani, N. Gnesutta, C. Camilloni. - In: JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR BIOLOGY. - ISSN 0022-2836. - 433:18(2021), pp. 167119.1-167119.15. [10.1016/j.jmb.2021.167119]

High Conformational Flexibility of the E2F1/DP1/DNA complex

D. Saad
Primo
;
C. Paissoni;A. Chaves-Sanjuan;M. Nardini;R. Mantovani;N. Gnesutta
;
C. Camilloni
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

The E2F1 transcription factor is a master regulator of cell-cycle progression whose uncontrolled activation contributes to tumor cells growth. E2F1 binds DNA as a heterodimer with DP partners, resulting in a multi-domain quaternary-structure complex composed of DNA binding domains, a coiled coil domain and a marked box domain separated by short linkers. Building on the 3D knowledge of the single domains of E2F and DPs, we characterized the structure and dynamics of the complete E2F1/DP1/DNA complex by a combination of small-angle X-ray scattering and molecular dynamics simulations. It shows an asymmetric contribution of the dynamics of the two proteins. Namely, the coiled-coil domain leans toward the DP1 side of the complex; the DP1 loop between α2 and α3 of the DBD partially populates a helical structure leaning far from the DNA and in the same direction of the coiled-coil domain; and the N-terminal disordered region of DP1, rich in basic residues, contributes to DNA binding stabilization. Intriguingly, tumor mutations in the flexible regions of the complex suggest that perturbation of protein dynamics could affect protein function in a context-dependent way. Our data suggest fundamental contributions of DP proteins in distinct aspects of E2F biology.
DP1; E2F; Molecular Dynamics; SAXS; Transcription Factor
Settore FIS/07 - Fisica Applicata(Beni Culturali, Ambientali, Biol.e Medicin)
Settore BIO/10 - Biochimica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/856737
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