Purpose: Predictors of outcome of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are important to improve the management of patients. Aim of the study was to find these predictors in type 2 diabetic patients with DFU. Methods: We recruited 583 patients. They were followed-up by a multidisciplinary team. A holistic and conservative approach was used and all risk factors and co-morbidities were aggressively treated. Results: During the follow-up period, 79.6% of patients healed in a mean time of 7.6 ± 3.8 months, 6.9% showed DFU persistence, 9.9% had minor amputations, and 3.6% experienced major amputation. Seventeen percent of the patients died. Among patients who healed, 37.1% of them showed DFU recurrence. Impairment of renal function was associated to DFU persistence, amputation, and mortality. Previous cardiovascular disease predicted DFU persistence, DFU recurrence, and mortality. Lower BMI predicted DFU persistence and mortality. Osteomyelitis was a predictor of amputation and death. Markers of peripheral artery disease (PAD) predicted minor amputation and DFU recurrence. Our study shows a relatively low incidence of complications of DFU. Conclusions: Some predictors of outcome of DFU were confirmed and new predictors, like BMI and markers of PAD, were found. Our new findings suggest future strategies for nutrition support and revascularization. In addition, a holistic and conservative approach may improve the prognosis.

Predictors of healing, ulcer recurrence and persistence, amputation and mortality in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic foot : a 10-year retrospective cohort study / C. Gazzaruso, P. Gallotti, A. Pujia, T. Montalcini, A. Giustina, A. Coppola. - In: ENDOCRINE. - ISSN 1355-008X. - 71:1(2021), pp. 59-68. [10.1007/s12020-020-02431-0]

Predictors of healing, ulcer recurrence and persistence, amputation and mortality in type 2 diabetic patients with diabetic foot : a 10-year retrospective cohort study

Gazzaruso C.;
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Predictors of outcome of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) are important to improve the management of patients. Aim of the study was to find these predictors in type 2 diabetic patients with DFU. Methods: We recruited 583 patients. They were followed-up by a multidisciplinary team. A holistic and conservative approach was used and all risk factors and co-morbidities were aggressively treated. Results: During the follow-up period, 79.6% of patients healed in a mean time of 7.6 ± 3.8 months, 6.9% showed DFU persistence, 9.9% had minor amputations, and 3.6% experienced major amputation. Seventeen percent of the patients died. Among patients who healed, 37.1% of them showed DFU recurrence. Impairment of renal function was associated to DFU persistence, amputation, and mortality. Previous cardiovascular disease predicted DFU persistence, DFU recurrence, and mortality. Lower BMI predicted DFU persistence and mortality. Osteomyelitis was a predictor of amputation and death. Markers of peripheral artery disease (PAD) predicted minor amputation and DFU recurrence. Our study shows a relatively low incidence of complications of DFU. Conclusions: Some predictors of outcome of DFU were confirmed and new predictors, like BMI and markers of PAD, were found. Our new findings suggest future strategies for nutrition support and revascularization. In addition, a holistic and conservative approach may improve the prognosis.
Diabetic foot; Diabetic ulcer; Outcome; Prognosis; Type 2 diabetes
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
ENDOCRINE
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/856316
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