Dittrichia viscosa (L.)W. Greuter is a pioneer species belonging to the Compositae family. It is widespread in the Mediterranean basin, where it is considered invasive. It is a source of secondary metabolites, playing an important ecological role. D. viscosa plant extracts showed a phytotoxic activity on several physiological processes of different species. In the current study, the allelopathic potential of D. viscosa VOCs, released by its foliage, was evaluated on seed germination and root growth of lettuce. The VOCs effect was also studied on lettuce adult plants in microcosm systems, which better mimicked the open field conditions. D. viscosa VOCs inhibited both seed germination and root growth of lettuce. The VOCs composition revealed a large presence of terpenoids, responsible of the effects observed. Moreover, D. viscosa VOCs caused an alteration on plant water status accompanied by oxidative damages and photoinhibition on lettuce adult plants.

Allelopatic potential of dittrichia viscosa (L.) W. Greuter mediated by VOCs : A physiological and metabolomic approach / F. Araniti, A. Lupini, F. Sunseri, M.R. Abenavoli. - In: PLOS ONE. - ISSN 1932-6203. - 12:1(2017), pp. e0170161.1-e0170161.23. [10.1371/journal.pone.0170161]

Allelopatic potential of dittrichia viscosa (L.) W. Greuter mediated by VOCs : A physiological and metabolomic approach

F. Araniti
;
2017

Abstract

Dittrichia viscosa (L.)W. Greuter is a pioneer species belonging to the Compositae family. It is widespread in the Mediterranean basin, where it is considered invasive. It is a source of secondary metabolites, playing an important ecological role. D. viscosa plant extracts showed a phytotoxic activity on several physiological processes of different species. In the current study, the allelopathic potential of D. viscosa VOCs, released by its foliage, was evaluated on seed germination and root growth of lettuce. The VOCs effect was also studied on lettuce adult plants in microcosm systems, which better mimicked the open field conditions. D. viscosa VOCs inhibited both seed germination and root growth of lettuce. The VOCs composition revealed a large presence of terpenoids, responsible of the effects observed. Moreover, D. viscosa VOCs caused an alteration on plant water status accompanied by oxidative damages and photoinhibition on lettuce adult plants.
Asteraceae; Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry; Introduced Species; Lettuce; Lipid Peroxidation; Metabolomics; Oxidative Stress; Plant Leaves; Principal Component Analysis; Seedlings; Seeds; Volatile Organic Compounds; Water; Allelopathy
Settore AGR/13 - Chimica Agraria
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/855468
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