Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subject's assertion that p matches her nonverbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology.

Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief : A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing / D. Rose, E. Machery, S. Stich, M. Alai, A. Angelucci, R. Berniunas, E.E. Buchtel, A. Chatterjee, H. Cheon, I.R. Cho, D. Cohnitz, F. Cova, V. Dranseika, A.E. Lagos, L. Ghadakpour, M. Grinberg, I. Hannikainen, T. Hashimoto, A. Horowitz, E. Hristova, Y. Jraissati, V. Kadreva, K. Karasawa, H. Kim, Y. Kim, M. Lee, C. Mauro, M. Mizumoto, S. Moruzzi, C.Y. Olivola, J. Ornelas, B. Osimani, C. Romero, A. Rosas, M. Sangoi, A. Sereni, S. Songhorian, P. Sousa, N. Struchiner, V. Tripodi, N. Usui, A.V. del Mercado, G. Volpe, H.A. Vosgerichian, X. Zhang, J. Zhu. - In: THOUGHT. - ISSN 2161-2234. - 6:3(2017), pp. 193-203. [10.1002/tht3.248]

Behavioral Circumscription and the Folk Psychology of Belief : A Study in Ethno-Mentalizing

V. Tripodi;
2017

Abstract

Is behavioral integration (i.e., which occurs when a subject's assertion that p matches her nonverbal behavior) a necessary feature of belief in folk psychology? Our data from over 5,000 people across 26 samples, spanning 22 countries suggests that it is not. Given the surprising cross-cultural robustness of our findings, we argue that the types of evidence for the ascription of a belief are, at least in some circumstances, lexicographically ordered: assertions are first taken into account, and when an agent sincerely asserts that p, nonlinguistic behavioral evidence is disregarded. In light of this, we take ourselves to have discovered a universal principle governing the ascription of beliefs in folk psychology.
behavioral circumscription; belief; cross-cultural; delusions; folk psychology; Philosophy
Settore M-FIL/03 - Filosofia Morale
Settore M-FIL/01 - Filosofia Teoretica
Settore M-PSI/02 - Psicobiologia e Psicologia Fisiologica
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/855462
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