Investigating the behaviour at high pressure of crystalline compounds with a microporous structure, e.g. zeolites, has experienced a boosted interest in the last two decades, especially due to the P-induced intrusion of molecules and ions into the structural nano-cavities from the P-transmitting fluids [1]. Zeolites have a consolidated history of technological and industrial applications, but the understanding of these P-induced phenomena may further expand their utilizations, opening the way for new routes for tailoring functional materials. In this study, we have investigated the behaviour of the natural zeolite erionite when compressed in non-penetrating and potentially penetrating fluids: i.e. those fluids made by molecules having a kinetic diameter that may allow their P-mediated adsorption into the zeolite structural cavities. Erionite is a zeolite with a wide chemical variability in Nature, expressed as solid solutions among three end-members: erionite-Ca, erionite-Na and erionite-K. Our sample, classified as erionite-K, has an average chemical formula: K2.31Na0.02Ca2.15Mg0.69Ba0.04Sr0.02Al9.00Si27.19O72·18.66(H2O). Erionite crystal structure is characterized by the presence of large cages (23-hedron, called “erionite-cage”), superposed along the c axis, hosting most of the extra-framework population. We have conducted experiments by single-crystal X-ray diffraction under in-situ high-pressure conditions at the Xpress beamline of the Elettra Synchrotron, using an ETH-type diamond anvil cell (DAC) and ruby as P-calibrant. We have performed two P-ramps using different P-transmitting media: the first one using the non-penetrating silicone oil, up to 2.60(5) GPa, and the second one with the potentially penetrating methanol:ethanol:H2O = 16:3:1 (hereafter mew) mixture, up to 4.97(5) GPa. Using the EoSFit7c software, the P-V data obtained by the silicone oil ramp were fitted by a II order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, yielding the following refined isothermal bulk modulus KV0 = 44(1) GPa (βV0 = KV0-1 = 0.0227(5), where βV0 is the bulk volume compressibility). P-V data from the mew ramp (Fig. 1) show a significant decrease in compressibility, which unambiguously suggests the (irreversible) P-induced intrusion of H2O (and possibly alcohols) molecules. The adsorption seems to occur in three different steps, approximately around 0.2, 1.2 and 2 GPa. This behaviour is somehow surprising if we consider that the magnitude of the intrusion process is comparable with that of synthetic SiO2-ferrierite [2] and AlPO4-5 [3] zeolites, but in this case has been observed in a natural sample of erionite, with structural cavities filled by extraframework population. Further experiments with different classes of potentially penetrating fluids will allow a full understanding and constraints of the P-induced adsorption phenomena in erionite.

Pressure-mediated crystal-fluid interactions in natural erionite-K / T. Battiston, F. Pagliaro, P. Lotti, G.D. Gatta. ((Intervento presentato al 8. convegno Virtual FEZA tenutosi a online nel 2021.

Pressure-mediated crystal-fluid interactions in natural erionite-K

T. Battiston
Primo
;
F. Pagliaro
Secondo
;
P. Lotti;G.D. Gatta
2021

Abstract

Investigating the behaviour at high pressure of crystalline compounds with a microporous structure, e.g. zeolites, has experienced a boosted interest in the last two decades, especially due to the P-induced intrusion of molecules and ions into the structural nano-cavities from the P-transmitting fluids [1]. Zeolites have a consolidated history of technological and industrial applications, but the understanding of these P-induced phenomena may further expand their utilizations, opening the way for new routes for tailoring functional materials. In this study, we have investigated the behaviour of the natural zeolite erionite when compressed in non-penetrating and potentially penetrating fluids: i.e. those fluids made by molecules having a kinetic diameter that may allow their P-mediated adsorption into the zeolite structural cavities. Erionite is a zeolite with a wide chemical variability in Nature, expressed as solid solutions among three end-members: erionite-Ca, erionite-Na and erionite-K. Our sample, classified as erionite-K, has an average chemical formula: K2.31Na0.02Ca2.15Mg0.69Ba0.04Sr0.02Al9.00Si27.19O72·18.66(H2O). Erionite crystal structure is characterized by the presence of large cages (23-hedron, called “erionite-cage”), superposed along the c axis, hosting most of the extra-framework population. We have conducted experiments by single-crystal X-ray diffraction under in-situ high-pressure conditions at the Xpress beamline of the Elettra Synchrotron, using an ETH-type diamond anvil cell (DAC) and ruby as P-calibrant. We have performed two P-ramps using different P-transmitting media: the first one using the non-penetrating silicone oil, up to 2.60(5) GPa, and the second one with the potentially penetrating methanol:ethanol:H2O = 16:3:1 (hereafter mew) mixture, up to 4.97(5) GPa. Using the EoSFit7c software, the P-V data obtained by the silicone oil ramp were fitted by a II order Birch-Murnaghan equation of state, yielding the following refined isothermal bulk modulus KV0 = 44(1) GPa (βV0 = KV0-1 = 0.0227(5), where βV0 is the bulk volume compressibility). P-V data from the mew ramp (Fig. 1) show a significant decrease in compressibility, which unambiguously suggests the (irreversible) P-induced intrusion of H2O (and possibly alcohols) molecules. The adsorption seems to occur in three different steps, approximately around 0.2, 1.2 and 2 GPa. This behaviour is somehow surprising if we consider that the magnitude of the intrusion process is comparable with that of synthetic SiO2-ferrierite [2] and AlPO4-5 [3] zeolites, but in this case has been observed in a natural sample of erionite, with structural cavities filled by extraframework population. Further experiments with different classes of potentially penetrating fluids will allow a full understanding and constraints of the P-induced adsorption phenomena in erionite.
erionite; pressure; molecules intrusion; zeolite; microporous; synchrotron XRD
Settore GEO/09 - Georisorse Miner.Appl.Mineral.-Petrogr.per l'amb.e i Beni Cul
Settore GEO/06 - Mineralogia
Federation of European Zeolite Associations
https://www.fezaconference.org/programme/virtual-programme-overview/
Pressure-mediated crystal-fluid interactions in natural erionite-K / T. Battiston, F. Pagliaro, P. Lotti, G.D. Gatta. ((Intervento presentato al 8. convegno Virtual FEZA tenutosi a online nel 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/854698
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