Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for CAD; silent ischemia is reported to be frequent in diabetic populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of silent ischemia in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with assessed CAD. Methods and results: We recruited a total of 618 patients with CAD: 309 were consecutive diabetic patients and 309 were age- and gender-matched nondiabetic patients. Myocardial ischemia was evaluated both during daily life and during exercise testing. Angina pectoris during daily life was more frequent in diabetic than in nondiabetic patients (80% vs. 74%, P<0.05). The anginal pain intensity either during daily life or acute myocardial infarction (MI), the prevalence of a previous MI, the extent of CAD and ergometric parameters were similar in diabetics and nondiabetics. Silent ischemia during exercise was documented in 179 (58%) diabetics and in 197 (64%) nondiabetics (nonsignificant, ns). Both diabetics and nondiabetics with silent exertional myocardial ischemia differed from symptomatic subjects in higher heart rate values (P<0.01), systolic blood pressure (P<0.01), rate-pressure product (P<0.001), work load (P<0.01) and maximum ST-segment depression at peak exercise (P<0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of silent myocardial ischemia during exercise was similar in diabetic and nondiabetic CAD patients. Surprisingly, diabetics showed a higher prevalence of angina pectoris during daily activity than nondiabetics. A significant association between the presence of symptoms during daily life and exercise was observed in both groups. Our results may contribute to the planning of the clinical management of diabetic CAD patients and confirm the individual attitude to pain of CAD patients independent of the presence of diabetes.

Silent myocardial ischemia in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with coronary artery disease / C. Falcone, L. Nespoli, D. Geroldi, C. Gazzaruso, M.P. Buzzi, C. Auguadro, L. Tavazzi, P.J. Schwartz. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 90:2-3(2003 Aug), pp. 219-227. [10.1016/S0167-5273(02)00558-2]

Silent myocardial ischemia in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with coronary artery disease

C. Gazzaruso;
2003

Abstract

Background: Patients with diabetes mellitus are at increased risk for CAD; silent ischemia is reported to be frequent in diabetic populations. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of silent ischemia in diabetic and nondiabetic patients with assessed CAD. Methods and results: We recruited a total of 618 patients with CAD: 309 were consecutive diabetic patients and 309 were age- and gender-matched nondiabetic patients. Myocardial ischemia was evaluated both during daily life and during exercise testing. Angina pectoris during daily life was more frequent in diabetic than in nondiabetic patients (80% vs. 74%, P<0.05). The anginal pain intensity either during daily life or acute myocardial infarction (MI), the prevalence of a previous MI, the extent of CAD and ergometric parameters were similar in diabetics and nondiabetics. Silent ischemia during exercise was documented in 179 (58%) diabetics and in 197 (64%) nondiabetics (nonsignificant, ns). Both diabetics and nondiabetics with silent exertional myocardial ischemia differed from symptomatic subjects in higher heart rate values (P<0.01), systolic blood pressure (P<0.01), rate-pressure product (P<0.001), work load (P<0.01) and maximum ST-segment depression at peak exercise (P<0.05). Conclusions: The incidence of silent myocardial ischemia during exercise was similar in diabetic and nondiabetic CAD patients. Surprisingly, diabetics showed a higher prevalence of angina pectoris during daily activity than nondiabetics. A significant association between the presence of symptoms during daily life and exercise was observed in both groups. Our results may contribute to the planning of the clinical management of diabetic CAD patients and confirm the individual attitude to pain of CAD patients independent of the presence of diabetes.
Coronary artery disease; Diabetes mellitus; Silent myocardial ischemia;
Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna
Settore MED/11 - Malattie dell'Apparato Cardiovascolare
Settore MED/13 - Endocrinologia
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/853365
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