The aim of this study was to determine the molecular types and antifungal susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans species complex isolates from environmental sources in Croatia. Swab samples of tree hollows and bird excreta in the soil beneath trees were collected. Samples included 472 (92.73%) samples obtained from tree hollows and 37 (7.27%) samples from bird excreta. Four C. neoformans species complex isolates were recovered from tree hollow swabs along the Mediterranean coast, while there were no isolates recovered from bird excreta or from the continental area. Three isolates were identified as molecular types VNI and one as VNIV. All tested antifungals showed high in vitro activity against the four isolates. This is the first report proving the presence of C. neoformans species complex in the environment of Croatia. The results of the study suggest a major risk of exposure for inhabitants living along the Croatian coast and that both VNI and VNIV molecular types can be expected in clinical cases of cryptococcosis. Susceptibility to antifungals confirmed that no resistance should be expected in patients with cryptococcosis at the present time. This is the first report proving the presence of C. neoformans species complex species complex in the environment of Croatia.

Determining the First Isolation, Antifungal Susceptibility, and Molecular Characterization of Cryptococcus neoformans from the Environment in Croatia / D. Pllana-Hajdari, M. Cogliati, A. Cicmak, S. Pleško, E. Mlinaric-Missoni, I. Marekovic - In: Recent Progress in Microbiology and Biotechnology / [a cura di] A. Alam. - [s.l] : BP International, 2021. - ISBN 9789391215668. - pp. 35-45

Determining the First Isolation, Antifungal Susceptibility, and Molecular Characterization of Cryptococcus neoformans from the Environment in Croatia

M. Cogliati;
2021

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the molecular types and antifungal susceptibility of Cryptococcus neoformans species complex isolates from environmental sources in Croatia. Swab samples of tree hollows and bird excreta in the soil beneath trees were collected. Samples included 472 (92.73%) samples obtained from tree hollows and 37 (7.27%) samples from bird excreta. Four C. neoformans species complex isolates were recovered from tree hollow swabs along the Mediterranean coast, while there were no isolates recovered from bird excreta or from the continental area. Three isolates were identified as molecular types VNI and one as VNIV. All tested antifungals showed high in vitro activity against the four isolates. This is the first report proving the presence of C. neoformans species complex in the environment of Croatia. The results of the study suggest a major risk of exposure for inhabitants living along the Croatian coast and that both VNI and VNIV molecular types can be expected in clinical cases of cryptococcosis. Susceptibility to antifungals confirmed that no resistance should be expected in patients with cryptococcosis at the present time. This is the first report proving the presence of C. neoformans species complex species complex in the environment of Croatia.
Cryptococcus neoformans; environment; molecular types; antifungal susceptibility
Settore MED/42 - Igiene Generale e Applicata
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/852341
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