Background: The early detection of patients at risk of post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may help planning subacute and long-term care. We aimed to determine the predictivity of two screening cognitive tests on the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment or dementia in acute stroke patients. Methods: A cognitive assessment within a few days of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke was performed in patients consecutively admitted to a stroke unit over 14 months by means of the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic (MoCA-B). Results: Out of 191 stroke survivors who were non-demented at baseline, 168 attended at least one follow-up visit. At follow-up (mean duration ± SD 12.8 ± 8.7 months), 28 (18.9%) incident cases of MCI and 27 (18%) cases of dementia were recorded. In comparison with patients who remained cognitively stable at follow-up, these patients were older, less educated, had more comorbidities, a higher score on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at admission, more severe cerebral atrophy, and lower MoCA-B and CDT scores at baseline. In multi-adjusted (for age, education, comorbidities score, NIHSS at admission and atrophy score) model, a pathological score on baseline CDT (< 6.55) was associated with a higher risk of PSCI at follow-up (HR 2.022; 95% CI 1.025–3.989, p < 0.05) with respect to non-pathological scores. A pathological baseline score on MoCA-B (< 24) did not predict increased risk of cognitive decline at follow-up nor increased predictivity of stand-alone CDT. Conclusion: A bedside cognitive screening with the CDT helps identifying patients at higher risk of PSCI.

The Clock Drawing Test as a predictor of cognitive decline in non-demented stroke patients / I. Cova, F. Mele, F. Zerini, L. Maggiore, S. Rosa, V. Cucumo, M. Brambilla, A. Nicotra, G. Maestri, P. Bertora, S. Pomati, L. Pantoni. - In: JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY. - ISSN 0340-5354. - (2021). [Epub ahead of print] [10.1007/s00415-021-10637-z]

The Clock Drawing Test as a predictor of cognitive decline in non-demented stroke patients

P. Bertora;L. Pantoni
2021

Abstract

Background: The early detection of patients at risk of post-stroke cognitive impairment (PSCI) may help planning subacute and long-term care. We aimed to determine the predictivity of two screening cognitive tests on the occurrence of mild cognitive impairment or dementia in acute stroke patients. Methods: A cognitive assessment within a few days of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke was performed in patients consecutively admitted to a stroke unit over 14 months by means of the Clock Drawing Test (CDT) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment-Basic (MoCA-B). Results: Out of 191 stroke survivors who were non-demented at baseline, 168 attended at least one follow-up visit. At follow-up (mean duration ± SD 12.8 ± 8.7 months), 28 (18.9%) incident cases of MCI and 27 (18%) cases of dementia were recorded. In comparison with patients who remained cognitively stable at follow-up, these patients were older, less educated, had more comorbidities, a higher score on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) at admission, more severe cerebral atrophy, and lower MoCA-B and CDT scores at baseline. In multi-adjusted (for age, education, comorbidities score, NIHSS at admission and atrophy score) model, a pathological score on baseline CDT (< 6.55) was associated with a higher risk of PSCI at follow-up (HR 2.022; 95% CI 1.025–3.989, p < 0.05) with respect to non-pathological scores. A pathological baseline score on MoCA-B (< 24) did not predict increased risk of cognitive decline at follow-up nor increased predictivity of stand-alone CDT. Conclusion: A bedside cognitive screening with the CDT helps identifying patients at higher risk of PSCI.
Clock Drawing Test; Post-stroke cognitive impairment; Post-stroke dementia; Predictivity; Stroke
Settore MED/26 - Neurologia
2021
6-giu-2021
Article (author)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/852228
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