Lyophilized mycelia of Aspergillus oryzae and Rhizopus oryzae were used in phoshate buffer to study the hydrolysis of ethyl estere of phenylacetic and 2-phenypropionic acids in organic solvents to synthesize, by direct acylation, several esters of these acids, namely ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, hexyl and isoamyl esters. Ethanol acylations with 2-phenypropionic acid were performed at different temperatures and in different solvents. In all cases,the conversion yield progressivety increased with temperature and the best results were obtained at 50°C in n-heptane. The use of A. oryzae led to the preferential formation of (S)-enantiomer of ethylpropionate with enantiospecificity increasing with temperature, whereas R. oryzae behaved oppositely. The molar conversion of these reaction also increased with the alcohol molecular weight (MW), likely because of the higher hydrophobicity, and chemical affinity of the products for the solvent. A. oryzae proved to be more effective and quicker than R. oryzae in all esterifications, probably due to a more favorable microenvironment. The kinetics of direct ethanol acylations were also studied in various solvents, specifically dimethylsulfoxide, dioxane, acetonitrile, tetrahydrofurane, pyridine, diisopropyl ether, benzene, toluene, n-heptane, isooctane, and pentadecane. The starting formation rates of ethyl esters with either biocatalyst were shown to progressively increase with the ratio logP to the solven molecular weight.
|Titolo:||Esterification of phenylacetic and 2-phenylpropionic acids by mycelium-bound carboxylesterases|
|Autori interni:||GANDOLFI, RAFFAELLA (Secondo)|
MOLINARI, FRANCESCO ENZO
ROMANO, ANDREA (Primo)
|Parole Chiave:||2-Phenylpropionic acid; Carboxylesterase; Esterification; Kinetics; Organic solvent; Phenylacetic acid|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore CHIM/11 - Chimica e Biotecnologia delle Fermentazioni|
|Data di pubblicazione:||mar-2005|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||10.1016/j.enzmictec.2004.08.042|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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