Hemorrhage in recurrent and/or metastatic (R/M) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) may be attributed to chemotherapy and local tumor irradiation. Evidence of the relationship between hemorrhage in R/M HNSCC and targeted therapies, including epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitors, or immune checkpoint inhibitors, is limited. We aimed to identify epidemiological and clinical data related to the occurrence of hemorrhage in R/M HNSCC and to explore its relationship with various therapies. We describe information obtained from literature searches as well as data extracted from a commercial database and a database from the author's institution (Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori of Milan). Evidence suggests that most bleeding events in R/M HNSCC are minor. Clinical trial safety data do not identify a causal association between hemorrhage and anti-EGFR agents or immune checkpoint inhibitors. In contrast, anti-VEGF agents are associated with increased, and often severe/fatal, hemorrhagic complications.
Bleeding complications in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck / C. Bergamini, R.L. Ferris, J. Xie, G. Mariani, M. Ali, W.C. Holmes, K. Harrington, A. Psyrri, S. Cavalieri, L. Licitra. - In: HEAD & NECK. - ISSN 1043-3074. - (2021 Jun 12). [Epub ahead of print]
|Titolo:||Bleeding complications in patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck|
|Parole Chiave:||antiangiogenic drugs; head and neck squamous cell carcinoma; hemorrhage; immune checkpoint inhibitors; molecular targeted therapies|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/06 - Oncologia Medica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||12-giu-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/hed.26772|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|