Pulmonary oligo-metastases and oligo-recurrences are terms used to define a set of clinical conditions consisting of limited metastatic malignant disease characterized by an intermediate aggressive behavior compared to diffuse metastatic conditions. If the primary tumor has been controlled and extra-thoracic lesions are excluded, there is a suggestion in the medical literature that removal of such lesions could potentially prolong survival. The lungs are a common metastatic spreading site, especially from epithelial malignancies and sarcomas; pulmonary surgical or interventional metastasectomy have been proposed with curative intent in case of limited tumor load (usually less than 5 lesions). There are many series reporting data about colorectal, renal or breast lung metastasectomy, but the absence of multi centric prospective trials determines a lack of definitive evidence, especially for less common tumors such as metastatic germ cell and prostate cancer. They rarely present in the oligo-metastatic form and their management is often based on personal experience. The aim of our article is to review the latest evidence in the treatment of pulmonary metastatic germ cell and prostate tumors. We cover the full range of treatments: from surgery to ablative radiotherapy and combination of local and systemic therapy. Despite the absence of evidence based guidelines, it emerges that pulmonary metastasectomy should always be considered when general criteria for resection have been met. In germ cell tumors surgery should be mainly reserved for residual disease after chemotherapy, whereas in prostate cancer, pulmonary metastasectomy should be preferred to avoid or delay hormonal deprivation therapy and its side effects.
Pulmonary metastasectomy in germ cell tumors and prostate cancer / F. Raveglia, L. Rosso, M. Nosotti, G. Cardillo, G. Maffeis, M. Scarci. - In: JOURNAL OF THORACIC DISEASE. - ISSN 2072-1439. - 13:4(2021 Apr), pp. 2661-2668.
|Titolo:||Pulmonary metastasectomy in germ cell tumors and prostate cancer|
|Parole Chiave:||Germ cell tumor; Metastasectomy; Prostate cancer; Pulmonary|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/21 - Chirurgia Toracica|
|Data di pubblicazione:||apr-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2020.04.51|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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