Cathodic Plasma Electrolysis (CPE) is an electrochemical technique that, while working at atmospheric pressure and temperature, generates at the electrode surface a thin sheath of plasma (Fig.1a) that assures peculiar properties to the treated sample. Unlike the more well-known analogous anodic process (plasma electrolytic oxidation, PEO), also used at an industrial level for growing oxide layers on metal substrates, CPE is still almost at the beginning from a strictly scientific standpoint, with applications ranging from surface cleaning/pre-treatment to coating deposition [1]. Even if peculiar properties of the zinc deposit have been already reported [1], the CPE technology was launched on the market by only one company (CAP Technologies; USA). Combining the Regenerative and Circular Economy vision with the real needs of steelmaking companies, our research group has started a feasibility study aimed at using CPE for galvanizing secondary steel using Zn-containing aqueous solutions resulting from the leaching of electric arc furnace (EAF) dust that is a waste resulting from the production of secondary steel from galvanized scrap. In the present talk, some preliminary lab-scale data will be discussed concerning the employment of CPE for both surface pre-treatment and galvanizing of steel, in the form of plate and wire rod. Special attention will be devoted to ammonium-based solutions, as a still unexplored medium. This choice comes from the good performance of NH4Cl as zinc leaching agent of EAF dust, by preventing some drawbacks of the conventional approach with sulfuric acid. Through a systematic study, electrolyte nature and concentration, temperature and applied potential have been identified as the most affecting operative parameters for both formation and stability of plasma (Fig.1b). Under optimized working conditions, the effects of CPE on i) the surface morphology of the treated steel and ii) the features of the zinc deposit have been investigated by combining electrochemical and microscopic techniques, providing effectiveness clues. Reference: [1] E.I. Meletis et al. Surf. Coat. Tech., 150 (2002) 246–256. Acknowledgements: This research activity is supported by the “Reaxys SCI Small Research Grant” and it was supported by SIAT-Società Italiana Acciai Trafilati S.p.A and Engitec TECHNOLOGIES S.p.A.

Cathodic Plasma Electrolysis : from Surface Pre-Treatment of Metals to Galvanizing / M. Magni, A. Radaelli, S. Trasatti. ((Intervento presentato al 1. convegno NewTimes- New Trends in Materials Science and Engineering tenutosi a online nel 2021.

Cathodic Plasma Electrolysis : from Surface Pre-Treatment of Metals to Galvanizing

M. Magni
Primo
;
S. Trasatti
2021-06-17

Abstract

Cathodic Plasma Electrolysis (CPE) is an electrochemical technique that, while working at atmospheric pressure and temperature, generates at the electrode surface a thin sheath of plasma (Fig.1a) that assures peculiar properties to the treated sample. Unlike the more well-known analogous anodic process (plasma electrolytic oxidation, PEO), also used at an industrial level for growing oxide layers on metal substrates, CPE is still almost at the beginning from a strictly scientific standpoint, with applications ranging from surface cleaning/pre-treatment to coating deposition [1]. Even if peculiar properties of the zinc deposit have been already reported [1], the CPE technology was launched on the market by only one company (CAP Technologies; USA). Combining the Regenerative and Circular Economy vision with the real needs of steelmaking companies, our research group has started a feasibility study aimed at using CPE for galvanizing secondary steel using Zn-containing aqueous solutions resulting from the leaching of electric arc furnace (EAF) dust that is a waste resulting from the production of secondary steel from galvanized scrap. In the present talk, some preliminary lab-scale data will be discussed concerning the employment of CPE for both surface pre-treatment and galvanizing of steel, in the form of plate and wire rod. Special attention will be devoted to ammonium-based solutions, as a still unexplored medium. This choice comes from the good performance of NH4Cl as zinc leaching agent of EAF dust, by preventing some drawbacks of the conventional approach with sulfuric acid. Through a systematic study, electrolyte nature and concentration, temperature and applied potential have been identified as the most affecting operative parameters for both formation and stability of plasma (Fig.1b). Under optimized working conditions, the effects of CPE on i) the surface morphology of the treated steel and ii) the features of the zinc deposit have been investigated by combining electrochemical and microscopic techniques, providing effectiveness clues. Reference: [1] E.I. Meletis et al. Surf. Coat. Tech., 150 (2002) 246–256. Acknowledgements: This research activity is supported by the “Reaxys SCI Small Research Grant” and it was supported by SIAT-Società Italiana Acciai Trafilati S.p.A and Engitec TECHNOLOGIES S.p.A.
cathodic plasma electrolysis; surface modification; metal electrodeposition; galvanizing; electrochemistry
Settore CHIM/02 - Chimica Fisica
Settore CHIM/03 - Chimica Generale e Inorganica
Settore CHIM/07 - Fondamenti Chimici delle Tecnologie
Università degli Studi dell'Acquila
Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali-INSTM
Associazione italiana ingegneria dei materiali-AIMAT
https://www.new-times.org/
Cathodic Plasma Electrolysis : from Surface Pre-Treatment of Metals to Galvanizing / M. Magni, A. Radaelli, S. Trasatti. ((Intervento presentato al 1. convegno NewTimes- New Trends in Materials Science and Engineering tenutosi a online nel 2021.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/851488
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