Introduction: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) represents the most common form of morbidity after distal pancreatectomy (DP). The aim of this study was to illustrate an innovative technique of irrigation and passive drainage to reduce clinically relevant POPF (CR-POPF) incidence in high-risk patients undergoing DP. Material and methods: Twelve consecutive high-risk patients received irrigation and passive drainage of the pancreatic stump with a Salem sump drainage after DP. The Salem sump was irrigated with 100 ml/h of Ringer solution for 2 postoperative days (POD). In the case of low-drain amylase and lipase levels on POD 3, the irrigation was reduced to 50 ml/h. Persistence of low-drain pancreatic enzymes on POD 4 allowed for interruption of irrigation and subsequent removal of drainage from POD 7 onward in the absence of evidence of any pancreatic fistula. Results: Overall, 16.6% of the patients experienced a grade 3 or higher surgical complication. We experienced only one case of POPF: the fistula was classified as grade B and it was managed with radiologic drainage of the fluid collection. We did not experience any case of re-operation nor in-hospital mortality. Conclusions: Irrigation with passive drainage of the pancreatic stump after DP is an interesting approach for CR-POPF prevention in high-risk patients.
Irrigation and passive drainage of pancreatic stump after distal pancreatectomy in high-risk patients: an innovative approach to reduce pancreatic fistula / O. Adamenko, C. Ferrari, J. Schmidt. - In: LANGENBECK'S ARCHIVES OF SURGERY. - ISSN 1435-2443. - 405:8(2020), pp. 1233-1241.
|Titolo:||Irrigation and passive drainage of pancreatic stump after distal pancreatectomy in high-risk patients: an innovative approach to reduce pancreatic fistula|
FERRARI, CARLO (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||Complications; Distal pancreatectomy; Drainage; Fistula; Irrigation; POPF|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore MED/09 - Medicina Interna|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2020|
|Data ahead of print / Data di stampa:||21-ott-2020|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-020-02012-9|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|
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