Microsatellite loci have become important in population genetics because of their high level of polymorphism in natural populations, very frequent occurrence throughout the genome, and apparently high mutation rate. Observed repeat numbers (alleles size) in natural populations and expectations based on computer simulations suggest that the range of repeat numbers at a microsatellite locus is restricted. This range is a key parameter that should be properly estimated in order to proceed with calculations of divergence times in phylogenetic studies and to better investigate the within- and between-population variability. The ‘plug-in’ estimate of range based on the minimum and maximum value observed in a sample is not satisfactory because of the relatively large number of alleles in comparison with typical sample sizes. In this paper, a set of data from 30 dinucleotide microsatellite loci is analysed under the assumption of independence among loci. Bayesian inference on range for one locus is obtained by assuming that constraints on range values exist as sharp bounds. Closed-form calculations and robustness revealed by our analysis suggest that the proposed Bayesian approach might be routinely used by researchers to classify microsatellite loci according to the estimated value of their allelic range.

Bayesian Estimation of Range for Microsatellite Loci / F.M. Stefanini, M. Feldman. - In: GENETICAL RESEARCH. - ISSN 0016-6723. - 75:2(2000), pp. 167-177. [10.1017/S0016672399004280]

Bayesian Estimation of Range for Microsatellite Loci

F.M. Stefanini;
2000

Abstract

Microsatellite loci have become important in population genetics because of their high level of polymorphism in natural populations, very frequent occurrence throughout the genome, and apparently high mutation rate. Observed repeat numbers (alleles size) in natural populations and expectations based on computer simulations suggest that the range of repeat numbers at a microsatellite locus is restricted. This range is a key parameter that should be properly estimated in order to proceed with calculations of divergence times in phylogenetic studies and to better investigate the within- and between-population variability. The ‘plug-in’ estimate of range based on the minimum and maximum value observed in a sample is not satisfactory because of the relatively large number of alleles in comparison with typical sample sizes. In this paper, a set of data from 30 dinucleotide microsatellite loci is analysed under the assumption of independence among loci. Bayesian inference on range for one locus is obtained by assuming that constraints on range values exist as sharp bounds. Closed-form calculations and robustness revealed by our analysis suggest that the proposed Bayesian approach might be routinely used by researchers to classify microsatellite loci according to the estimated value of their allelic range.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/849388
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