Aims: To assess the effect of different concentrations of gossypol (0, 2, 4, 10 and 20 mg l–1) in combination with NaCl and Na2SO4 (20 mS cm–1) on the conidial germination and viability of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fov). Methods and Results: A multinomial logistic model was developed to estimate the germination probability of Fov. The inhibitory effect was markedly evident at the two highest concentrations of gossypol; it varied among the isolates tested and with time, and it was attenuated by the presence of sodium salts. The inhibition was temporary as the germination probability increased after 8 h. Fluorescent staining revealed that gossypol either killed the conidia or retarded the elongation of the germ tubes. Conclusion: Fov showed the ability to overcome gossypol inhibition over time, and the inhibitory effect is reduced under saline conditions. Differential responses among Fov isolates to the presence of gossypol suggest that gossypol tolerance is genetically determined in the pathogen. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study suggests that selecting for high plant gossypol cultivars would have minimal effect on the overall Fov resistance of cotton. A new statistical model was developed to explore the statistical significance of plant–pathogen interactions.

The in vitro effect of gossypol and its interaction with salts on conidial germination and viability of Fusarium oxysporum sp. vasinfectum isolates / E. Turco, C. Vizzuso, S. Franceschini, A. Ragazzi, F.M. Stefanini. - In: JOURNAL OF APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1364-5072. - 103:6(2007), pp. 2370-2381. [10.1111/j.1365-2672.2007.03503.x]

The in vitro effect of gossypol and its interaction with salts on conidial germination and viability of Fusarium oxysporum sp. vasinfectum isolates

F.M. Stefanini
2007

Abstract

Aims: To assess the effect of different concentrations of gossypol (0, 2, 4, 10 and 20 mg l–1) in combination with NaCl and Na2SO4 (20 mS cm–1) on the conidial germination and viability of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. vasinfectum (Fov). Methods and Results: A multinomial logistic model was developed to estimate the germination probability of Fov. The inhibitory effect was markedly evident at the two highest concentrations of gossypol; it varied among the isolates tested and with time, and it was attenuated by the presence of sodium salts. The inhibition was temporary as the germination probability increased after 8 h. Fluorescent staining revealed that gossypol either killed the conidia or retarded the elongation of the germ tubes. Conclusion: Fov showed the ability to overcome gossypol inhibition over time, and the inhibitory effect is reduced under saline conditions. Differential responses among Fov isolates to the presence of gossypol suggest that gossypol tolerance is genetically determined in the pathogen. Significance and Impact of the Study: This study suggests that selecting for high plant gossypol cultivars would have minimal effect on the overall Fov resistance of cotton. A new statistical model was developed to explore the statistical significance of plant–pathogen interactions.
cotton; Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. vasinfectum; gossypol; multinomial logistic model; probability of germination; salinity; toxicity
Settore SECS-S/01 - Statistica
2007
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/849340
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