This chapter discusses Antonio Gramsci's views of imperialism and the comparison that during the 1920s and 1930s was frequently called between Fascist's Italy and Ancient Rome's expansionist policies. Gramsci was well aware that the myth of the Roman Empire had been used in order to launch a vigorous imperialist policy since the Risorgimento, and that throughout the last years this policy had been defended by the Fascist regime as a way to heal the plague caused by the emigration process and revive the greatness of Rome. As a Marxist, Gramsci refused every comparison between new and ancient forms of imperialism. The reasons for his refusal, however, went far beyond traditional economic-capitalistic factors, and were mainly concerned with what he considered the true legacy of the Roman Empire. In Gramsci's view, the Roman tradition, with its cosmopolitan and universal features, had to be recovered in order to launch a cultural (and not military) expansion in all modern societies that would have paved the way for the rising up of the man-work and the end of capitalism.

Antonio Gramsci between ancient and modern imperialism / M. Bellomo - In: Antonio Gramsci and the Ancient World / [a cura di] E. Zucchetti, A.M. Cimino. - Prima edizione. - London : Routledge, 2021. - ISBN 9780367193140. - pp. 165-182

Antonio Gramsci between ancient and modern imperialism

M. Bellomo
2021

Abstract

This chapter discusses Antonio Gramsci's views of imperialism and the comparison that during the 1920s and 1930s was frequently called between Fascist's Italy and Ancient Rome's expansionist policies. Gramsci was well aware that the myth of the Roman Empire had been used in order to launch a vigorous imperialist policy since the Risorgimento, and that throughout the last years this policy had been defended by the Fascist regime as a way to heal the plague caused by the emigration process and revive the greatness of Rome. As a Marxist, Gramsci refused every comparison between new and ancient forms of imperialism. The reasons for his refusal, however, went far beyond traditional economic-capitalistic factors, and were mainly concerned with what he considered the true legacy of the Roman Empire. In Gramsci's view, the Roman tradition, with its cosmopolitan and universal features, had to be recovered in order to launch a cultural (and not military) expansion in all modern societies that would have paved the way for the rising up of the man-work and the end of capitalism.
Settore L-ANT/03 - Storia Romana
Book Part (author)
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Bellomo M., Antonio Gramsci between Ancient and Modern Imperialism, 2021.pdf

accesso riservato

Tipologia: Post-print, accepted manuscript ecc. (versione accettata dall'editore)
Dimensione 518.14 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
518.14 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/2434/848509
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 0
social impact