Background: This study aimed to review the data available in the current literature concerning the complications and recurrence of instability following medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability in young and adolescent patients (those <20 years old). Methods: A systematic review was performed based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Two independent reviewers searched the PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. The terms “medial patellofemoral ligament” or “MPFL” and “reconstruction” and “young” or “adolescents” or “children” were used. The inclusion criteria for the literature review comprised studies that reported the complications and recurrences of instability in patients who had undergone MPFL reconstruction for patellar instability. Results: In all, 332 patients were included in the review, of which 195 were females (63.5%) and 112 were males (36.5%), and they totaled 352 treated knees. The mean age at the time of the surgery was 14.28 years, and the mean follow-up duration was 30.17 months. A total of 16 (4.5%) complications were reported: one (0.3%) patella fracture, one (0.3%) screw removal due to intolerance, one (0.3%) infection, five (1.4%) wound complications, six (1.7%) subluxations and two (0.6%) instances of post-operative stiffness. A total of 18 (5.1%) recurrences of patellar instability were recorded. Conclusions: MPFL reconstruction in young patients can be considered an effective and safe treatment leading to clinical improvement in terms of recurrence of dislocation. No major complications related to the technique were reported, but a high level of research evidence is required to better evaluate the clinical results in a long-term follow-up.

Complications and recurrence of patellar instability after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in children and adolescents : a systematic review / R. D'Ambrosi, K. Corona, P. Capitani, G. Coccioli, N. Ursino, G.M. Peretti. - In: CHILDREN. - ISSN 2227-9067. - 8:6(2021 May 21), pp. 434.1-434.10. [10.3390/children8060434]

Complications and recurrence of patellar instability after medial patellofemoral ligament reconstruction in children and adolescents : a systematic review

R. D'Ambrosi
;
P. Capitani;G. Coccioli;G.M. Peretti
2021

Abstract

Background: This study aimed to review the data available in the current literature concerning the complications and recurrence of instability following medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction for patellar instability in young and adolescent patients (those <20 years old). Methods: A systematic review was performed based on the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. Two independent reviewers searched the PubMed, Scopus, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases. The terms “medial patellofemoral ligament” or “MPFL” and “reconstruction” and “young” or “adolescents” or “children” were used. The inclusion criteria for the literature review comprised studies that reported the complications and recurrences of instability in patients who had undergone MPFL reconstruction for patellar instability. Results: In all, 332 patients were included in the review, of which 195 were females (63.5%) and 112 were males (36.5%), and they totaled 352 treated knees. The mean age at the time of the surgery was 14.28 years, and the mean follow-up duration was 30.17 months. A total of 16 (4.5%) complications were reported: one (0.3%) patella fracture, one (0.3%) screw removal due to intolerance, one (0.3%) infection, five (1.4%) wound complications, six (1.7%) subluxations and two (0.6%) instances of post-operative stiffness. A total of 18 (5.1%) recurrences of patellar instability were recorded. Conclusions: MPFL reconstruction in young patients can be considered an effective and safe treatment leading to clinical improvement in terms of recurrence of dislocation. No major complications related to the technique were reported, but a high level of research evidence is required to better evaluate the clinical results in a long-term follow-up.
anterior knee pain; medial patellofemoral ligament; patellar instability
Settore MED/33 - Malattie Apparato Locomotore
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/2434/848480
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