In mosquitoes, the interaction between the gut microbiota, the immune system, and the pathogens that these insects transmit to humans and animals is regarded as a key component toward the development of control strategies, aimed at reducing the burden of severe diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever. Indeed, different microorganisms from the mosquito microbiota have been investigated for their ability to affect important traits of the biology of the host insect, related with its survival, development and reproduction. Furthermore, some microorganisms have been shown to modulate the immune response of mosquito females, significantly shaping their vector competence. Here, we will review current knowledge in this field, focusing on i) the complex interaction between the intestinal microbiota and mosquito females defenses, both in the gut and at humoral level; ii) how knowledge on these issues contributes to the development of novel and targeted strategies for the control of mosquito-borne diseases such as the use of paratransgenesis or taking advantage of the relationship between Wolbachia and mosquito hosts. We conclude by providing a brief overview of available knowledge on microbiota-immune system interplay in major insect vectors.
Mosquito Trilogy: Microbiota, Immunity and Pathogens, and Their Implications for the Control of Disease Transmission / P. Gabrieli, S. Caccia, I. Varotto-Boccazzi, I. Arnoldi, G. Barbieri, F. Comandatore, S. Epis. - In: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1664-302X. - 12(2021 Apr 06).
|Titolo:||Mosquito Trilogy: Microbiota, Immunity and Pathogens, and Their Implications for the Control of Disease Transmission|
GABRIELI, PAOLO (Co-primo)
COMANDATORE, FRANCESCO (Penultimo)
EPIS, SARA (Ultimo) (Corresponding)
|Parole Chiave:||control strategies; insects; pathogens; vector-borne diseases; Wolbachia;|
|Settore Scientifico Disciplinare:||Settore BIO/19 - Microbiologia Generale|
Settore VET/06 - Parassitologia e Malattie Parassitarie degli Animali
Settore BIO/05 - Zoologia
|Progetto:||Rafts on the water, for mosquito vector control: hydrogel-based delivery systems and inhibition of insect defence mechanisms, to improve sustainable use of insecticides and counteract resistance development (RAFTING)|
|Data di pubblicazione:||6-apr-2021|
|Digital Object Identifier (DOI):||http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2021.630438|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01 - Articolo su periodico|